Madagascar - Country Commercial Guide
Textiles and Apparel
Last published date:


Madagascar ranks first amongst Sub-Saharan African countries in textile exports to the EU and third to the United States, with exports to the United States often benefiting from tariff-free entry under the African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA). Though initially hard-hit by the pandemic, the textile sector had almost recovered to pre-COVID-19 levels by the end of 2020. It remains the largest formal employer in Madagascar, providing nearly 400,000 jobs, half of which are in Export Processing Zones (EPZ) around the cities of Antananarivo and Antsirabe. Producers have shifted some production from Asia to Madagascar in recent years to avoid product-origin limits and to take advantage of Madagascar’s low-cost, skilled labor.

Leading Sub-Sectors 

  • Fabrics
  • Yarns
  • Textile machinery
Table 1: Total Market Size for Fabrics
FABRICS20192020202120222023 (Jan-Jun)
Total exports 8208081,3073,5922,750
Total imports 87,83281,852109,358132.28460,131
Imports from the U.S.182600119
Total market size 87,01281,044108,051 128,69257,381

Data source: Madagascar Customs. Figures are in thousands of USD. Fabrics included have HTS four-digit code 5208, 5209, 5210, 5211, and 5212.

Table  2: Total Market Size for Yarns
YARNS20192020202120222023 (Jan-Jun)
Total exports 5023136220
Total imports 16,27712,13618,32826,0347,229
Imports from the U.S.00 101
Total market size 16,22712,11318,31526,0287,009

Data source: Madagascar Customs. Figures are in thousands of USD.  Yarns included have four-digit HTS code 5204, 5205, 5206, and 5207.


  • Tariff-free exports to the U.S. Market through the African Growth and Opportunities Act (AGOA)
  • European Union markets
  • Regional markets Southern African Development Community (SADC), Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) 
  • Investment in new production facilities or acquisition of existing textile companies


  • The website of the Group of EPZ Companies and Partners (GEFP):