Madagascar - Country Commercial Guide
Power Sector
Last published date:


Less than 30 percent of the population has access to electricity. Access to energy is a cornerstone of the GOM’s efforts to lift Madagascar out of poverty. The objective is to double energy production within five years, increase access to electricity for at least 70 percent of the population by 2030, improve reliability of supply, and reduce energy prices. The World Bank estimates the government would have to increase production five-fold to reach the 70 percent goal. Power Africa is a market-driven, U.S. Government-led public-private partnership aiming to double access to electricity in sub-Saharan Africa. It offers tools and resources to private sector entities to facilitate doing business in sub-Saharan Africa’s power sector. The Electrify Africa Act of 2015 institutionalized Power Africa. Learn more about the full Power Africa toolbox or other opportunities offered by Power Africa.

Leading Sub-Sectors

  • Smart grids, including smart meters, smart appliances, and energy-efficient devices
  • Off-grid and hybrid systems, including flexible fueling, diesel/heavy fuel
  • Renewable energy equipment, including solar and wind energy equipment 
  • Grid transmission distribution systems and transmission power loss reduction devices
  • Transformers 
Table 1: Total Market Size for Transformers
 TRANSFORMERS20192020202120222023 (Jan-Jun)
Total exports 610 48 0 34
Total imports 774533 68 1,317 413
Imports from the U.S.00 0 0 0
Total market size 713533 20 1317 379

Data source: Madagascar Customs. Figures are in thousands of USD. The HTS code used to produce the tables are the 8-digit code 85042200, representing transformers with power between 650 KVA and 10,000 KVA

Table  2: Total Market Size for Transformers
ELECTRICAL CABLES20192020202120222023 (Jan-Jun)
Total exports 21716 2 40 8
Total imports 1,7031481 1,364 2,788 2,473
Imports from the U.S.1611 24 27 77
Total market size 1,4861,465 1,3622,7482,465

Data source: Madagascar Customs. Figures are in thousands of USD. The HTS code used to produce the tables are the 8-digit code 85446000 and 85444200 which are respectively the HTS code of electric cables for voltage greater than 1000v and those less than 1000v.


  • Investment into hydroelectric and other renewable energy projects
  • Set up as an Independent Power Producer (IPP) through concessions or a Build/Operate/Own/Transfer (BOOT) mechanism 
  • Power equipment, hardware, and software
  • Participation in planned government procurement projects
  • Resources 
  • National utility company JIRAMA:
  • Website of the regulator:
  • Agency for the Development of Renewable Energy:
  • Madagascar Office of Hydrocarbons: