Poland - Country Commercial Guide
Agricultural Sector
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In 2022, total U.S. agricultural and related product exports to Poland were valued at $578 million, almost the same level as in 2021.  The U.S. Embassy’s Office of Agricultural Affairs provides routine market intelligence to U.S. food and agricultural exporters, and regularly creates linkages between Polish food, bulk commodity, beverage, and ingredient importers and U.S. exporters.

Best prospects for U.S. agricultural products include seafood (pollock, salmon), livestock feed ingredients, such as soybean meal and feed preparations, bovine genetics, and consumer-oriented products, including wine, tree nuts (almonds and pistachios), dried fruit (cranberries and prunes), distilled spirits, as well as hardwood lumber. Additionally, U.S. beans and pulses are getting increasing attention from Polish importers and food processors.

Data Source: Trade Data Monitor (TDM). Customs Database of TDM tracks intra-EU transshipments of the U.S. products.

Leading Sub-Sectors


Poland remains one of the largest fish processors in the European Union (EU) and imports almost 95% of the seafood it processes. Poland ranks among the largest salmon importers in the world and sources products mostly from Norway and Sweden, with the United States ranked fourth supplier in 2022. Although domestic seafood consumption in Poland continues to increase, most seafood processed in Poland is bound for markets in other EU Member States. 2022 data showed strong interest in U.S. salmon and pollock, with imports up by 27% over 2021. Post forecasts that imports of pollock and salmon and other seafood from the United States will drop in 2023, following lower demand for frozen fish, pending competition from Norway and China, but allowing the U.S. to remain an important supplier of salmon and pollock.

Commodity Group:  Salmon and Pollock

Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS030311, HS030312, HS030367, HS030475, HS030494, 
Value in U.S.$1,000

Table 1:  Salmon and Pollock
 20192020202120222023 (f)
Total Imports186,810172,767224,422286,002215,000
Total Imports from U.S.88,56366,571106,242121,25690,000

Bovine Semen

There is strong interest in U.S. dairy genetics in Poland due to the continued growth in Poland’s dairy industry. In 2022, Polish bovine semen imports were valued at $11.6 million and consisted of about 2,2 million doses of semen. The value of imported U.S. bovine semen in 2022 was $3.5 million, a 12% drop from the previous year; however, the U.S. remained the first Polish supplier. Constant development and consistent consumer demand for dairy products on the world market are driving demand for U.S. bovine genetics among Poland’s dairy producers.

Commodity Group: Animal Genetics

Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS 051110
Value in U.S.$1,000

Tabl 2e: Animal Genetics
 20192020202120222023 (f)
Total Imports7,0317,87411,50711,65511,600
Total Imports from U.S.1,9462,6264,0003,5293,500

Soybean Meal

In 2022, Poland imported 2.67 million metric tons (MMT) of soybean meal, a 1.6% increase over 2021, valued at $1.5 billion. Of these imports, 87% was sourced from South America in 2021. Soybean meal is a significant source of protein and is an important input in Poland’s large poultry production sector. Post forecasts that soybean meal imports will increase in 2023, as demand for poultry continues to expand and lower supply from Argentina could be substituted by the United Sates. Price competition from Argentina and Brazil will continue to be a decisive factor for the U.S. soybean meal imports to Poland.

Commodity Group: Soybean meal

Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS 230400
Value in U.S.$1,000

Table 3: Commodity Group: Soybean meal
 20192020202120222023 (f)
Total Imports945,2831,024,0631,329,4191,497,6531,600,000
Total Imports from U.S.46,379180770,000



Poland is a leading importer of wine in Central Europe, with Italy, France, and Spain accounting for about 60% of the Polish market share. U.S. wines, along with other “new-world” wines, are gaining in popularity and becoming increasingly visible. While California wines are better known in Poland, wines from the Pacific Northwest are also increasingly recognized. Although more and more Polish consumers are aware of U.S. wines, educating consumers about the unique attributes of U.S. wines remains necessary. The Polish market continues to be affected by the Ukrainian war and high inflation, affecting purchasing decisions made by the customers of high-end products.

Commodity Group: Wine

Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS2204
Value in U.S.$1,000

Table 4:  Wine
Total Imports362,254370,477421,353400,000405,000
Total Imports from U.S.34,41839,48442,99135,91436,000

Tree Nuts (Almonds and Pistachios)

Most U.S.-origin tree nut imports are almonds and pistachios, which are increasingly popular as an ingredient in food processing, particularly in the confectionery, bakery, and snack food sectors. Almonds are also popular among consumers for snacking and home baking. Spain is the leading competitor for U.S. almonds in Poland, while Iran is the leading competitor in pistachio imports.

Commodity Group: Tree Nuts
Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS 0802
Value in U.S.$1,000

Table 5:  Tree Nuts
201920202021 20222023(f)
Total Imports145,411164,917200,303171,779190,500
Total Imports from U.S.49,33555,39561,24869,86269,900


Processed Fruit

The dried fruit market is experiencing dynamic growth, led by dried cranberries, prunes, and dried cherries, which have experienced steady popularity as snack foods. As Polish consumers become more health-conscious, these products are increasingly used in the home baking, confectionery, and snack sectors.

Commodity Group: Processed Fruit

Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS 2008
Value in U.S.$1,000

Table 6: Processed Fruit
201920202021 20222023(f)
Total Imports243,228298,229327,587344,183350,000
Total Imports from U.S.19,22725,16019,91920,19921,000


Hardwood Lumber

U.S.-origin wood-sawn and/or chipped lumber products accounted for 60% of the total U.S. wood and wood products exported to Poland in 2022. Market trends for U.S. lumber and wood products in Poland are in flux due to strong international competition and local price sensitivities.

Commodity Group: Wood Sawn or Chipped Lengthwise
Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS 4407
Value in $1,000

Table 7: Wood Sawn or Chipped Lengthwise
 2019 2020202120222023(f)
Total Imports355,378370,583574,822583,418620,000
Total Imports from U.S.2,1842,2472,1183,3443,500


Commodity Group: Packings and Wood Pallets

Harmonized Schedule Code(s): HS 4415
Value in $1,000

 2019 2020202120222023(f)
Total Imports86,89384,230150,868210,000179,384
Total Imports from U.S.86286298187200


Attaché Reports provide information on market opportunities, crop conditions, new policy developments and information on the local food industry. Some standard reports include the Retail Market Report, Exporter Guide, Food Service Report, and market briefs on select products. Post also recommends that interested stakeholders review the EU-27 reports.

Trade Data

Please also refer to the USDA’s Global Agricultural Trade Systems that include international agricultural, fish, forest, and textile products trade statistics dating from the inception of the Harmonized coding system in 1989 to present.