Describes standards, identifies the national standards, accreditation bodies, and lists the national testing organization(s) and conformity assessment bodies.
Moldova inherited its principles of metrology, standardization, testing, and quality from the Soviet era, where manufacturers had to follow compulsory standards. The country’s transition to free-market economy, coupled with the accession to the WTO in 2001, triggered a revision of the old system and movement toward a philosophy that standards are industry-initiated and market-driven. New laws were passed in keeping with Moldova’s WTO commitments and aspirations for European integration. The country has increased its efforts to harmonize its quality assessment system with European standards. especially after signing the AA/DCFTA.
The major functions of accreditation, certification, and market surveillance have been separated. Starting in 2007, all national standards became voluntary. The country continues to transpose EU directives and regulations.
The country’s central standardization organization is the National Institute for Standardization. The Institute adopts standards and maintains the national fund of standardization documents.
Moldova originally adopted a number of Soviet GOST (state standards developed in the Soviet Union). Under its AA/DCFTA, Moldova continues to adopt the body of European standards. A large body of European standards (CEN/CENELEC) have become Moldovan national standards, including the harmonized standards, all of which have been transposed. All conflicting standards (including GOST) have been withdrawn with the transposition of European standards.
Moldova is a correspondent member of the International Organization of Standardization (ISO) and the International Organization of Legal Metrology (OIML); an associate member of the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the European Committee for Electrotechnical Standardization (CENELEC), the European co-operation for Accreditation (EA), and the Meter Convention; an affiliated member of the European Committee for Standardization (CEN), and the International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC); a full member of the Euro-Asian Cooperation of National Metrological Institutions (COOMET); and an observer to the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI),
Moldova is a member of the Codex Alimentarius Commission, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE), the World Health Organization (WHO), and the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC). It is also a member of the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO).
Testing, Inspection and Certification
The Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure is responsible for the development of policy in the field of standardization, metrology, accreditation and conformity assessment, and for overseeing the following public institutions: National Institute of Standardization (NIS), National Institute of Metrology (NIM), National Center of Accreditation (MOLDAC), and Consumer Protection Agency (CPA).
Products certified in the country of origin, with which Moldova has signed agreements on mutual recognition of results of product conformity assessment, undergo a procedure of recognition of the certificates of conformity. Moldova has signed such agreements with a number of CIS states. Since 2012, Moldova recognizes EU-issued certificates of conformity and test reports translated into Romanian.
Publication of Technical Regulations
Central public authorities work out and approve technical regulations for their areas of responsibility. Technical regulations are published in the official gazette Monitorul Oficial.
Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to notify to the WTO proposed technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures that could affect trade. Notify U.S. (https://tsapps.nist.gov/notifyus/data/index/index.cfm) is a free, web-based e-mail registration service that captures and makes available for review and comment key information on draft regulations and conformity assessment procedures. Users receive customized e-mail alerts when new notifications are added by selected country or countries and industry sector(s) of interest and can also request full texts of regulations. This service and its associated web site are managed and operated by the USA WTO TBT Inquiry Point housed within the National Institute of Standards and Technology, part of the U.S. Department of Commerce.
Ministry of Economy and Infrastructure
Piata Marii Adunarii Nationale 1, Chisinau MD2033, Moldova
Tel. (373 22) 23 31 40
Str. Eugen Coca 28, Chisinau MD2064, Moldova
Tel. (373 22) 74 85 42
Fax (373 22) 24 54 14
National Food Safety Agency (http://www.ansa.gov.md/)
Str. Mihail Kogalniceanu 63, Chisinau MD2009, Moldova
Tel. (373 22) 29 47 30