Describes trade agreements this country is a party to. Includes resources where U.S. companies can get information on how to take advantage of these agreements.
Kosovo’s Ministry of Trade Industry, Entrepreneurship and Trade (MINT) manages its international trade relations. In some cases, opposition by non-recognizing states means that Kosovo is included under the name Kosovo*, with a footnote clarifying that the name is made without prejudice to Kosovo’s legal status. In other cases, the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) ensures Kosovo’s ability to fulfill international obligations under agreements where UNMIK is the signatory on behalf of Kosovo.
Kosovo is a signatory of the Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) through the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) and has a Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union that serves, among other things, as a free trade agreement. Kosovo also signed a trade and cooperation agreement with the United Kingdom, a free trade agreement with Turkey, and has started the accession process for the European Free Trade Association.
Businesses and the government often complain about non-tariff barriers in trading with other CEFTA countries and the inability of CEFTA dispute mechanisms to resolve them. Resolving these disputes bilaterally has proven difficult given that three of the seven CEFTA member states do not recognize Kosovo’s statehood. Kosovo has signed double-taxation treaties with Albania, Austria, Croatia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, North Macedonia, Saudi Arabia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom. Older treaties with Belgium, Finland, and Germany from the time of the former Yugoslavia are still in effect. Kosovo is member of the European Common Aviation Area and member of the Athens Process on Energy for the Southeastern Europe Energy Community Treaty.