Kosovo has a varied geology that includes a variety of exploitable metal and mineral deposits, including gold, chrome, nickel, aluminum, copper, iron metals, and lead-zinc. Kosovo also possesses the world’s fifth-largest proven reserves of lignite. Kosovo’s coal mines are the fuel source for over 90 percent of Kosovo’s power. There is some potential to also exploit gold, silver, and marble. The mining sector has traditionally been an important contributor to Kosovo’s economy, although the industry declined during the 1990s due to a lack of investment in equipment, facilities, and failure to develop new sites. Significant foreign investment potential exists in this sector, though the political situation makes such investments very difficult.
The Independent Commission for Mines and Minerals (ICMM) regulates Kosovo’s minerals sector, issues exploration and mining licenses, and ensures legislative compliance with international mining, environment, and safety standards. ICMM provides key technical information to prospective bidders.
Many of the existing mines have been privatized, with varying degrees of success. However, the Trepca mining complex remains state-owned and contains Kosovo’s largest mines. At the height of production in the 1970s and 1980s, Trepca employed over 22,000 workers and accounted for more than 70 percent of Yugoslavia’s mineral extraction.
- Exploration, mining, and extraction
- Legal and consulting services
- Equipment and spare parts sales; maintenance services
- Possible full ownership or operation of new or existing mines following a PPP structure
- Sales of equipment, spare parts, and maintenance services
- Minerals export to global markets