Includes information on business customs, travel advisory, visa requirements, and other aspects of international travel.
Covid-19 Business Travel has been significantly impacted by the Corona virus pandemic during the last year and changes in travel regulations have been made in line with international norms. Due to travel restrictions, online meetings have increased during the pandemic with various businesspeople opting to continue engagement through virtual platforms and many firms moving their operations to remote working.
Customs Business customs in South Africa are generally similar to those in the United States and Western Europe. South African businesspeople tend to dress conservatively, particularly in the financial sector. However, “smart-casual” clothing has become commonplace with executives in other sectors. Terminology used in business invitations are:
Black Tie (dark suit and tie or tuxedo or formal evening dress)
Business (jacket and tie or a business dress)
Smart Casual (casual clothing with or without tie, but no jeans and no sneakers)
Casual (can include jeans but no sport shorts)
Punctuality South Africans are usually punctual, so it is best to make every effort to be on time for appointments, either physical or virtual. Appointments are always made in advance of a meeting where business cards are exchanged.
Warnings Travelers are encouraged to be vigilant and avoid large gatherings, particularly protests and demonstrations. Traditionally, South Africa’s nexus to international terrorism has been through recruiting, funding, and as safe haven for international terrorists. While most visitors complete their travels in South Africa without incident, criminal activity, often violent, does occur regularly, i.e., armed robbery, carjacking, mugging, “smash and grab” attacks on motor vehicles and other incidents.
For general information on international travel, please visit the main website at: https://travel.state.gov/content/travel.html
VAT The South African government levies a Value-added Tax (VAT) at 15 percent. Travelers may apply for tax refunds on purchases made in South Africa over $18 on departure.
U.S. citizens traveling to South Africa require a valid passport. A visa is not required for regular passport holders on bona fide holiday or business visits for periods of up to 90 days or in transit. However, should a U.S. citizen wish to visit neighboring countries, a visa may be required for that country. For South Africa, visas are also required for extended stays, employment, study, and for diplomatic and official passport holders.
Minors The South African Government revised visa regulations for traveling with minors: Visit the South African Department of Home Affairs website for requirements for traveling with minors to or from South Africa:
Permits The criteria for business permits: it is required that the intended business fit into a specific business category as well as not being deemed an undesirable business. Quota work permits and exceptional skills permits will no longer be available. A hybrid of the above permits called a critical skills work visa is now offered First time permit applicants will have to submit their applications at an embassy or consulate in their country of origin. Further notes are available here: http://www.dha.gov.za/index.php/immigration-services/types-of-visas
Evidence of a negative PCR test (validity not older than 72 hours) is necessary for entry into South Africa.
Yellow fever vaccination is necessary if arriving from an infected area. Information on South African visa requirements can be obtained prior to departure from the United States by checking with:
South African Embassy, Washington, D.C. http://www.saembassy.org
S.A. Consulate, Chicago: https://www.southafrica-usa.net/chicago/
S.A. Consulate, New York: https://www.southafrica-usa.net/consulate
For information on visa requirements for other countries, contact the Embassy of the country you intend to visit, or a travel agent, or a U.S. Consular Officer.
IMPORTANT NOTE: All travelers to South Africa should make sure that their passports contain at least two completely blank visa pages for stamps; or risk being refused entry by South African immigration officials. As a general precaution, travelers are advised to carry a photocopy of the photo/bio information page of their passport and keep it in a location separate from the passport.
U.S. companies that require travel of foreign businesspeople to the United States should be advised that security evaluations are handled via an interagency process. Visa applicants should go to the following links:
State Department Visa website: https://travel.state.gov/content/visas/en.html
United States Visas: https://ais.usvisa-info.com/en-za/niv
US Embassy Pretoria Visa Information: https://za.usembassy.gov/visas/
The South African currency is the SA Rand (“ZAR”) that can be volatile at times. It is reportedly the most traded currency of all Emerging Markets and the exchange rate often reflects carry trade that leverages global interest rate differentials, leading importers to hedge against devaluation with forward cover. The Rand is the currency of the Common Monetary Area (CMA) comprising South Africa, eSwatini (formerly Swaziland) and Lesotho. The ZAR is also a legal tender in Namibia, at a fixed exchange rate to the Namibian Dollar.
In Calendar Year 2020 the official daily-average U.S. Government’s South African Rand-dollar exchange rate was Rand 16.44.
The South African telecommunications sector boasts one of the continent’s most advanced telecommunications markets in terms of technologies deployed and services provided. The national fixed line operator is Telkom.
Mobile There are six licensed cellular service providers: Vodacom, MTN, Cell C, Telkom, Rain, and Liquid Technologies. Vodacom, MTN, Cell C, and Telkom offer voice and data solutions to subscribers, while Rain focuses its business on data solutions and Liquid Technologies provides specialized mobile applications to enterprise clients. In up-market hotels and shopping centers, wi-fi is commonplace.
South Africa boasts one of the most modern and extensive transport infrastructures on the African continent in terms of road, railway systems, airports, and seaports.
Air There are three major international airports: OR Tambo International in Johannesburg, King Shaka International Airport in KwaZulu Natal, and Cape Town International Airport in Cape Town. Carriers that fly directly from the United States to South Africa are Delta Air Lines and United Airlines. The Gautrain, high-speed train, runs from O.R. Tambo International to multiple destinations in the Gauteng Province including Sandton, Rosebank, and Pretoria, Station opening times and train intervals are detailed at https://www.gautrain.co.za.
Taxis Do not hail taxis in South Africa. While over 70 percent of South African use minibus taxis during their daily commutes, the taxi sector is informal and occasionally prone to violence. UBER operates widely in South Africa, especially in Gauteng and Western Cape, and is generally safe. Travelers to South Africa can also rent cars.
Major car rental groups represented include:
Driving Traffic in South Africa moves on the left, and the steering wheel is on the right-hand side of the car. Under South African law, all occupants of motor vehicles equipped with seatbelts are required to wear them while the vehicle is in operation. Texting or talking on a cell phone without a hands-free unit while driving is illegal.
Licenses South African law does not require an international driver’s license. A valid driver’s license from any U.S. state or territory that has the signature and photo of the driver is valid to drive in South Africa for stays of less than six months.
Dangers Road conditions are generally good in South Africa, but the road traffic death rate is nearly three times higher in South Africa than in the United States. The high incidence of road traffic mortality is due to a combination of poor driving, limited enforcement of traffic laws, road rage, aggressive driving, distracted driving, and driving under the influence of alcohol. Use extreme caution driving at night. U.S. Mission employees are prohibited from driving after dark outside of major metropolitan areas, except for highway travel between Pretoria and Johannesburg. Traffic lights are frequently out of order. Treat all intersections with malfunctioning traffic lights as a four-way stop.
To view U.S. Consulate information sheet on travel to South Africa visit:
English is one of 11 official languages in South Africa and is the most commonly used language for conducting business. Based on the most recent data available, the respective percentages of the population speaking each of them are Zulu (25.3 percent), Xhosa (14.8 percent), Afrikaans (13.3 percent), Sepedi (9.4 percent), English (8.2 percent), Setswana (8.2 percent), Sesotho (7.9 percent), Xitsonga (4.4 percent), Swazi (2.6 percent), Venda (1.7 percent), and Ndebele (1.5 percent). Languages used by the Asian population include Tamil (2 percent), Hindi (2 percent), Gujerati (2 percent), and Urdu.
In line with U.S. laws, the South Africa’s health policy stipulates that smoking is prohibited in public places unless otherwise designated as smoking areas. South African tap water is mostly safe to drink, generally adhering to the highest standards, but if a traveler is not acclimatized to it, or has a sensitive digestive system, bottled water is widely available. South Africa has world-class (private care) medical services, and all major cities have modern well-equipped hospitals and ambulance services to assist travelers in emergency situations. Private medical facilities are good in urban areas and near game parks but limited elsewhere. Private medical facilities may require a deposit before admitting patients. Travelers should familiarize themselves with emergency telephone numbers and the locations of nearest hospitals on arrival in the country. The national emergency telephone number is 10111.
Malaria South Africa has a few provinces where there is a threat of contracting malaria. Appropriate prophylactics taken well in advance of visiting these areas should limit the risk of falling ill. Self-protection actions should include use of mosquito repellant (all day), wearing of light long sleeved shirts and pants as well as socks and shoes from dawn and at night. Visitors should also consider sleeping under a mosquito net or in a mosquito-proof room. High-risk malaria areas include the Lowveld of Mpumalanga and the Limpopo (the region where the Kruger Park is located) as well as in Kwazulu Natal (on the Maputaland coast). Intermediate-risk malaria areas are Kosi Bay, Sodwana Bay, Mkuze Game Reserve, and St Lucia (but not the town of St Lucia and the river mouth).
Low-risk malaria areas are North West Province and the Northern Cape along the Molopo and Orange Rivers, including the Augrabies Falls and the Kgalagdi Transfrontier Park (malaria is rarely transmitted here, so anti-malaria drugs may not be necessary). Travelers may still contract malaria despite all precautionary measures, and if any flu-like symptoms such as headaches, fever, muscular and joint pains, sweating, shivering and attacks of nausea or diarrhea occur at any time within six months after a visit to one of these high-risk areas, visitors should consult a physician immediately.
South Africa has an epidemic of HIV/AIDS and travelers should ensure that they are aware of the associated risks.
Local Time, Business Hours & Holidays
Throughout the year, Standard Time in South Africa is two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time and seven hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time and six hours ahead of Eastern Daylight Savings Time. Clocks are not advanced in the summer. Generally, business hours are weekdays from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Most offices observe a five-day week, but many stores are open on Saturdays, and from 9:00am to 2:00pm on Sundays. All banks are open weekdays from 9:00 a.m. to 3:30 p.m., and Saturdays from 8:30 a.m. to 11:00 a.m. In certain large shopping centers, some bank branches are open on Sunday mornings.
Local Holidays 2021
U.S. Government offices in South Africa are closed on U.S. federal and legal holidays.
Temporary Entry of Materials or Personal Belongings
Declarations Travelers must declare all goods in their possession except for personal clothing, essential toiletries and used sporting equipment (such as golf clubs). To be free from declaration, these goods must be for the passenger’s personal use and not intended as gifts or to be sold, exchanged, or traded. All articles, used or unused, carried by the visitor as presents or parcels for other people, must be declared. There are no restrictions on the amount of U.S. dollars a traveler can bring into South Africa.
U.S. dollars U.S. dollars cannot be used in South Africa and must be converted into the local currency, the South African Rand, by authorized foreign exchange dealers, hotels, commercial banks, and certain travel agencies. It is illegal to convey foreign currency to anyone else and U.S. Dollars may not be used in commercial or other private transactions.
Vehicles With a valid driver’s license, a visitor may enter South Africa with his/her automobile for a period not exceeding 12 months. An import duty will be charged on entry and rebated on departure. If a visitor wishes to sell his/her vehicle during his/her stay or upon departure, he/she must first obtain an import permit and pay the relevant duty.
Hotels in larger cities:
- Delta Air Lines
- United Air Lines
Private Healthcare (Hospitals)
- Netcare: https://www.netcare.co.za
- MediClinics: https://www.mediclinic.co.za
- Life: https://www.mediclinic.co.za
Consular Services for American Citizens: https://za.usembassy.gov/
U.S. Consulate General Johannesburg
1 Sandton Drive (opposite Sandton City Mall)
U.S. Consulate General Johannesburg
1 Sandton Drive (opposite Sandton City Mall)
- Telephone +(27) (11) 290 3000 (from South Africa 011 290 3000)
- Emergency After-Hours Telephone (011) 290 3000 or 079 111 1684 (outside South Africa: +(27) 79 111 1684)
- Fax+(27) (11) 884 0396 (from South Africa (011 884 0396)
- E-mail: email@example.com
Consular Information Sheet on South Africa
U.S. Commercial Service – South Africa