India - Country Commercial Guide
Safety and Security

This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.

Last published date: 2021-10-23

Overview 

The safety and security industry in India has experienced steady growth in recent years, and various industry segments are estimated to grow between 10 to 15 percent annually.  

Population growth, rapid urbanization, expansion of industries, vast infrastructure and mass transportation systems are driving expectations for greater safety and security measures—particularly in critical national infrastructure projects.  Key sub-sectors include communication networks, border security, government research facilities, emergency and disaster management systems, healthcare facilities, ports, oil refineries, power plants, critical manufacturing facilities, and mass transportation systems.     

Description 

Units: $ million

2018

2019

2020

2021

Total Local Production (Estimated) 

4,509

5,662

6,794

8,152

Total Exports 

964

1,278

1,405

1,546

Total Imports 

2,505

3,061

3,520

4,048

Imports from the United States 

270

172

176

202

Total Market Size 

(Estimated) 

6,050

7,445

8,909

10,654

Exchange rates 

$ = ₹67

$ = ₹69

$ = ₹75

$ = ₹73

(Total market size = (total local production + imports) - exports) 

Data Sources:  Ministry of Commerce, government of India 

India’s security industry can be broadly classified into cyber security, electronic security, fire safety/detection/prevention, road safety, private and industrial security, and personal protective apparel and equipment.  The industry is highly fragmented and consists of local manufacturers, system integrators, sub-contractors, regulatory and certification agencies, distributors, consultants, and service providers.  

While the market is price sensitive, an increased awareness of quality, reliability, and timely after-sales service has led certain customer segments to be willing to pay a premium for innovative and technologically advanced products from U.S. manufacturers, suppliers, and solutions providers.  

The federal government in India has initiated many vital infrastructure projects including new airports, mega ports, highway projects, metro systems and the development of smart cities across the country.  The rapid growth in hospitality, commercial and residential structures, railways, and roadways, coupled with greater presence of multinational companies, the internet of things (IoT), and smart technologies are the primary factors driving demand in the security industry. 

End users of safety and security products and services include airport, mass-transportation, government enterprises, law enforcement and intelligence agencies, military, emergency and disaster management agencies, private security agencies, and commercial and non-commercial enterprises. 

Leading Sub-Sectors 

Security and Surveillance: 

The ever-increasing requirements of safety, coupled with a boom in smart cities, urban surveillance, airport security, and manufacturing and infrastructure companies have led to the rise of the security and surveillance market in the country.  There is a huge demand for safe city projects in India.  Safe city projects are becoming a necessity to ensure public safety though monitoring each area.  It is crucial to have a central control room equipped with high-end large video wall solutions to monitor such minute details.  With the successful deployment of surveillance and smart city projects in several cities, more areas are expected to adopt similar video surveillance systems including IP video cameras and video walls.  Emerging technologies in video analytics, biometrics, face recognition, and CCTV are becoming equally important for city surveillance monitoring and analysis. 

Opportunities 

Airport Security:   

India is one of the largest aviation markets in the world, and passenger traffic is expected to triple in the next 20 years to 500 million passenger trips per year.  More than 34 new airports have been opened in the past two years.  India’s former Aviation Minister spoke of India needing 150 to 200 additional airports by 2035. 

Homeland Security and Policing: 

Security and border protection are traditionally a high priority for the government of India.  Federal and various state governments are working toward the modernization and upgrading of the police force to improve internal security and equip law enforcement agencies with modern equipment.  India may also bid to host large sporting events in the future, making this a potential growth segment.   

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV):   

In December 2018, the Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) announced India’s Drone Policy for operating drones in the country.  Subsequently, DGCA effected policy revisions in 2019-20 for achieving optimum utilization of drones by permitting their operation beyond visual line of sight (BVLOS).  The revised policy is geared to increase the commercial potential of drones especially with respect to delivering goods and medical supplies.  

Drones can provide immense opportunities in various aspects of safety and security in aerial surveillance, disaster relief, tracking and mapping wildfires, inspection, and compliance.   

A permit is required for commercial drone operations except for the micro category (flown below 200 feet) and nano category (flown below 50 feet).  All drones except nano category require DGCA registration with a unique identification number.  

Fire Safety: 

For the past few years, there has been a steep increase in urban and forest fires. High rise buildings and congested areas due to rapid urbanization pose major challenges to firefighters.  To minimize fire hazards, the government is focused on developing smart cities across the country, increasing demand for advanced and innovative fire safety products and solutions.   

Trade Shows and other Industry Events

  • International Fire & Security Exhibition and Conference - IFSEC India, Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, India,  
  • IFSEC India is South Asia’s largest security, civil protection, and fire safety exhibition.  IFSEC 2021, provides a platform for displaying commercial, homeland security and fire safety technologies, products, solutions, and services, with onsite product launches from major industry suppliers.   
  • Traffic Infra Tech Expo,  Pragati Maidan, New Delhi, India.  Rescheduled date to be announced. The 9th edition of the Traffic Infra Tech Expo is expected to attract national and international exhibitors exhibiting traffic/transport related technology products in intelligent transport systems, tolling, telematics, capacity building, safety, and security.  The show will be an ideal platform to explore the Indian market to learn about the business opportunities in the growing road infrastructure projects, find business representatives and joint-venture partners.   

To learn more about opportunities in this sector, contact Commercial Specialist Mala Venkat.