EU - Country Commercial Guide
Import Requirements and Documentation
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The Integrated Tariff is also available to help determine if a license is required for a particular product.   The European Commission maintains a link to the Access2Markets portal (which replaces the EU Trade Helpdesk) where information can be found using Harmonized Systems codes to determine, among other information, potential requirements, tariffs, the European Union’s markets import rules, and taxes.  The Access2Markets portal does not provide information for exports from the United States to the European Union, however.  (Using information for a similar North American country, such as exports from Canada, approximates key requirements that may be used as a starting point for your most current Harmonized Systems code.)

For information relevant to Member State import licenses, please consult the relevant Member States’ Country Commercial Guide.

Import Documentation

Summary Declaration and the Single Administrative Document

Goods brought into the European Union customs territory are, from the time of their entry, subject to customs supervision until customs formalities are completed.  Such goods are covered by a Summary Declaration, which is filed once the items have been presented to customs officials.  The customs authorities may, however, allow a period for completing the Summary Declaration, which cannot be extended beyond the first working day following the day on which the goods are presented to customs.

The Summary Declaration is completed by the person who brought the goods into the customs territory of the European Union, by any person who assumes responsibility for carriage of the goods following such entry, or the person in whose name the person referred to above acted.

The Summary Declaration can be made on a form provided by the customs authorities.  However, customs authorities may also allow the use of any commercial or official document that contains the specific information required to identify the goods.  The Single Administrative Document serves as the European Union importer’s declaration.  This form describes goods and their movement around the world and is essential for trade outside the European Union or trade of non-EU goods.  It encompasses both customs duties and VAT and is valid in all Member States.  The declaration is made by whoever is clearing the goods, normally the importer of record or an agent on behalf of the importer.

European Free Trade Association countries, including Norway, Iceland, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein also use the Single Administrative Document.  Information on import/export forms is contained in Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 2015/2446.

The Union Customs Code

The European Union Customs Union, in place since 1968, is a pillar of the European Union’s single market and is vital to the free flow of goods and services across Member States.  In 2013, the European Union adopted the Union Customs Code, the legal framework for ongoing actions to modernize EU customs.  Its substantive provisions went into effect in May 2016.  Its goals are to provide a comprehensive framework for customs rules and procedures in the EU customs territory and to create a paperless and fully automated customs union system. 

A comprehensive framework for customs rules and procedures is needed because while customs rules are the same across the European Union, Member States’ customs authorities have not always applied them in a consistent manner regarding customs duties and clearance, creating fragmentation and additional administrative burdens.  The Union Customs Code forms the basis for structural and administrative changes to customs policy, procedures, and implementation.  

The Union Customs Code also mandates a move to an all-electronic customs system.  The system consists of seventeen separate but interconnected components.  While some systems are currently in place, a number of components are lagging due to the complexity of the tasks.

Economic Operator Registration and Identification

Since July 1, 2009, all companies established outside of the European Union are required to have an Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number if they wish to lodge a customs declaration or a Summary Declaration.  All U.S. companies should use the EORI number for their customs clearances, which must be formally requested from the customs authorities of the specific Member State to which the company first exports.  Member State customs authorities may request additional documents to be submitted alongside a formal request for an EORI number.  Once a company has received an EORI number, it can use it for exports to any Member States.  There is no single format for the EORI number.  Once an operator holds an EORI number, they can request Authorized Economic Operator (AEO) certification, which can give quicker access to certain simplified customs procedures.

U.S.-EU Customs Cooperation

Since 1997, the United States and the European Union have a Customs Mutual Assistance Agreement.  In 2012, the United States and the European Union signed a decision recognizing the compatibility of AEO and Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism (C-TPAT) programs, thereby facilitating faster and more secure trade between transatlantic operators.  AEO certification is issued by a national customs authority and is recognized by all Member States’ customs agencies.  An AEO can consist of two different types of authorization: customs simplification or security and safety.  The former allows for an AEO to benefit from simplification related to customs legislation, while the latter allows for facilitation through security and safety procedures.  Shipping to a trader with AEO status could facilitate an exporter’s trade, with benefits such as expedited processing of shipments, reduced thefts and losses, reduced data requirements, lower inspection costs, and enhanced loyalty and recognition.  Under the revised Union Customs Code, in order for an operator to make use of certain customs simplifications, the authorization of AEO becomes mandatory.

Since 2012, the United States and the European Union have recognized each other’s security certified operators and will take the respective membership status of certified trusted traders favorably into account.  Furthermore, Customers and Border Protection identification numbers for foreign manufacturers are therefore recognized by customs authorities in the European Union.

Environmental and Related Regulations

A key EU priority is to ensure products marketed in the region are safe for the environment and human health.  United States manufacturers exporting to the European Union need to ensure their products meet these requirements to enter the market.  New legislative initiatives published by the European Commission are regularly made available for public consultation on the EU “Have your say” website.  U.S. companies, civil society organizations and individuals can all participate in these consultations.

On December 11, 2019, the European Commission presented the European Green Deal as a flagship policy program to transform Europe into a climate neutral society by 2050.  The European Green Deal affects all aspects of the European economy including agriculture, fisheries, construction, finance, and manufacturing.  To implement the European Green Deal, the Commission has drafted and updated several high-level policy agendas that identify areas in need of new legislative and other actions to deliver on the European Union’s climate ambitions.  

For example, the 2020 Circular Economy Action Plan II (CEAP) is an iteration of the 2014 Action plan, which takes the circular economy concept as its starting point to propose a general shift in the European Union’s product policies.  The fundamental idea is that raw materials, products, and services can and should be used several times – not only for the initial intended purpose, but for other purposes through reuse and recycling.  This involves placing a larger emphasis on sharing-economy models, leasing, reusing, repairing, refurbishing, and recycling existing materials and products for as long as possible in an effort to extend their life cycle.

The European Commission is implementing objectives set out in the CEAP through two packages, the first of which was published in March 2022.  That package contained a textiles strategy, a proposal to revise the EU’s Ecodesign Directive and expand its scope to almost all physical goods (including new sustainability labeling requirements and the need to introduce digital product passports), a proposal to strengthen the internal market for construction products, and a package on empowering consumers in the green transition.  Once enacted into law, these proposals will entail the introduction of new digital labeling requirements (through the introduction of digital product passports) to better communicate the environmental footprint and sustainability credentials of products to consumers.  Separate rules are also expected to set new requirements for making ‘green claims.’

The Commission also published a second package later in 2022 to address packaging, recycling, and waste-related legislation and a package in 2023 regarding green claims and common rules promoting the repair of goods.  These proposals set new mandatory minimum recycled content requirements for packaging, as well as to set new rules for how waste products should be handled in the European Union.  In parallel, there are ongoing efforts to limit waste shipments outside of the European Union (through the Commission’s proposed revision to the EU’s Waste Shipment Regulation), as well as to limit the possibility of shipping waste outside of the EU.    

Through the implementation of the CEAP, the Commission is positioning the European Union as a global leader on the shift towards a more circular economy, including identifying the advancement of global discussions on plastics and negotiating an international agreement on the management of natural resources as two international priorities.


The EU Battery Directive (2006/66/EC) was adopted in 2006.  It applies to all batteries and accumulators placed on the EU market, including automotive, industrial, and portable batteries.  The Directive seeks to protect the environment by restricting the sale of batteries and accumulators that contain mercury or cadmium (with an exemption for emergency and alarm systems, medical equipment, and cordless power tools) and by promoting a high level of collection and recycling of those batteries.  It places the responsibility on producers to finance the costs associated with the collection, treatment, and recycling of used batteries and accumulators.  The Directive includes provisions on the labelling of batteries and their removability from equipment.  The European Commission has published a frequently asked questions document to assist interested parties in interpreting its provisions, and an April 2019 report was published to evaluate the Directive. 

As part of CEAP, in December 2020, the Commission published the European Battery Regulation, a legislative proposal that would replace the 2006 Directive with a new batteries-related regulation.  The new law would dramatically expand the scope of the current legal framework to promote a transition to a more circular economy.  The regulation would create carbon footprint performance classes and maximum life-cycle footprint thresholds, introduce minimum recycled content requirements, and create a battery passport to enable economic operators to access information about the batteries to facilitate their repair and reuse.  The European Battery Regulation entered into force in August 2023 and will gradually replace Directive 2006/66/EC.  It will be implemented in all the member countries simultaneously for the common purpose of minimizing the harmful effects of batteries on the environment.


Based on the European Green Deal’s objective to reduce pollution and move towards a toxic-free environment, the Communication on the Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability takes stock of the performance of the European Union’s chemicals legislative framework, in place since 2007, which primarily consists of two regulations: the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) Regulation, and the Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures (CLP) Regulation.  Although the Commission considers these two regulations to be successful in protecting human health and the environment, it has identified a number of shortcomings that impede the European Union’s chemicals framework from reaching its full potential.  In particular, the Commission has acknowledged the need to make the chemicals framework more efficient (e.g., faster procedures covering more chemicals), effective (e.g., reducing discrepancies in applying the rules between Member States), coherent (e.g., there are currently parallel, and at times, contradictory processes for the same substances), and overall, more predictable for companies.

To achieve these objectives, the Commission is likely to introduce a series of new concepts and procedural changes to REACH and CLP.  Most notably, it will move away from its current case-by-case chemicals assessment model in favor of a more generic approach whereby it will group chemicals and apply restrictions to these groups.  Determining when the use of otherwise-restricted chemicals will be allowed will be based on a new “essential use” concept (based on, but not identical to, the Montreal Protocol’s definition of “essential use”).  The Commission is also looking to streamline parallel substance evaluations and possible conflicts arising from uncoordinated actions by the Commission by introducing stronger internal coordination and planning mechanisms under the motto of “one substance, one assessment.”  Further actions under the Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability include developing and promoting a “sustainable-by-design approach” to placing chemicals on the market to encourage substitution of certain high-risk chemicals; developing new methodologies to measure the lifecycle impacts of chemicals; taking stronger action against endocrine disrupting substances; introducing a “mixture assessment factor” during the safety assessment of substances; addressing contamination by synthetic per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances; and increasing efforts to ensure compliance. 

In addition, the Commission has been conducting a series of studies to weigh options for improving the REACH and CLP Regulations, which will feed into the broader impact assessment process for modifying these regulations.  In line with the European Commission’s “better regulation” process, the Commission has conducted several rounds of public consultations ahead of proposals to revise the CLP and REACH proposals.  The CLP proposal was published in December 2022.  The European Parliament and the Council reached an agreement on the revision proposal in December 2023, and its adoption is expected to be finalized in early 2024.  The REACH revision proposal has instead been postponed, and it will not be published under the current legislature.  However, in December 2023, under the so-called “one substance, one assessment” package, the Commission put forward targeted legislative proposals to streamline and re-attribute scientific and technical tasks among EU agencies in the area of chemicals and to establish a Common Data Platform on chemicals.  The latter is expected to introduce a “one-stop shop” access to data on chemicals held by EU agencies and the Commission.  The proposals will need to be examined and endorsed by the European Parliament and Council before they can enter into force.  It is not certain if the proposals will be adopted before the completion of the legislative session in mid-2024 or whether the legislation will carry over, as drafted, to the next legislative session.

Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

REACH – as is in force today – applies to all chemicals manufactured or imported into the European Union in quantities exceeding one metric ton.  The regulation entered into force in 2007 and touches virtually every industrial sector, from automobiles to textiles.  REACH imposes a registration obligation on all entities over the one metric ton threshold.  The European Chemicals Agency is responsible for receiving and ensuring the completeness of such registrations.  U.S. companies without a presence in Europe need to rely on a European Union-based partner, typically either an importer or a specialized “Only Representative.”  ECHA will then issue a registration number to the company that submits a complete registration dossier.  

In addition to the registration requirement, REACH allows the European Commission to monitor, restrict, or prohibit the use of hazardous substances and products containing such substances.  The Authorization List identifies substances that require a company to obtain permission from the European Commission to import into the European Union.  In addition, the Restriction List contains a list of substances that are subject to specific controls within the European Union.  The Candidate List of Substances of Very High Concern (SVHCs) identifies substances that the European Commission intends to restrict or prohibit.  Since January 2021, companies supplying items containing SVHC on the Candidate List in a concentration above 0.1% weight by weight[1] to the European Union are required to submit information on these items to ECHA through the Substances of Concern in Products (SCIP) Database.  This information is made available to waste operators and consumers.  The SCIP notification requirements impose a legal obligation on those placing items on the EU market, including importers of U.S. products.  In most cases, European importers will ask their U.S. partners to verify SVHC content and, if applicable, may ask for additional information necessary to comply with SCIP requirements.  There is also an option for U.S. companies to submit notifications in the SCIP database as a foreign user, but this requires reaching an agreement with the European importer.

Classification, Labelling and Packaging of Hazardous Substances

The CLP Regulation implements the UN Global Harmonized System of classification, labelling, and packaging of all hazardous substances.  U.S. exporters must classify, label, and package (including products containing such substances) hazardous substances according to the regulation’s requirements.  For certain hazardous substances, the European Commission will impose a common classification, which may affect demand in the European Union for these substances.  It may also trigger controls on product specific legislation.  

Public Activities Coordination Tool for Chemicals

The Public Activities Coordination Tool for Chemicals is a free-to-use tool maintained by ECHA, which provides an overview of activities conducted by European public authorities with respect to chemicals, including data generation and assessment, regulatory management option analysis, and regulatory risk management.

Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment

EU rules on electronic waste and equipment, while not requiring specific customs or import paperwork, may entail a financial obligation for U.S. exporters.  The Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) Directive requires U.S. exporters to register relevant products with a national authority or arrange for this registration to be done by a local partner.  It also requires manufacturers to inform the consumer that their product should be recycled by including the “crossed out wheelie-bin” symbol on the product or packaging.

Restriction on Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment

The Restriction on Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic Equipment (RoHS) Directive imposes restrictions on the use of certain chemicals in electrical and electronic equipment and applies to nearly all products that require power unless a specific exclusion or exemption applies.  U.S. exporters certify a product meets the requirements of this legislation by affixing a CE Mark to their product.  The U.S. exporter must retain a product file to support the CE Mark in the event of a control.

As part of the implementation of the Circular Economy Action Plan, the European Commission launched a review of the RoHS Directive to ensure increased coherence in applying the rules across Member States and with the REACH Regulation.  As a part of this process, the Commission considered reforming the exemption process, the substance restriction provisions, and introducing separate provisions for recycled materials and critical raw materials.

The public consultation on the RoHS review ended in June 2022.In December 2023, the European Commission published a report on the review of the RoHS Directive, which was not accompanied by a legislative proposal for a general revision of the Directive.  However, under the “one substance, one assessment” package, the European Commission proposed a targeted amendment of the Directive, which will see ECHA assume responsibilities in restrictions and exemptions assessment.  The targeted amendment will need to go through the EU’s legislative procedure in order for it to be adopted and enter into force.  It remains unclear if this process will be finalized under the current legislature ending in mid-2024 or will be carried over to the next term.

Cosmetic Products

The most controversial element of EU legislation harmonizing the regulation of cosmetics was the introduction of an EU-wide system for the notification of cosmetic products to the European Commission prior to their placement on the EU market.  Only a European Union-established entity may submit such a notification.  U.S. exporters must therefore retain a Responsible Person to act on their behalf, rely on the entity responsible for the import of their product into the European Union, or establish a presence in a Member State.

As a part of the EU’s Chemicals Strategy for Sustainability, the Commission is currently preparing to propose a revision to the EU’s Cosmetic Products Regulation.  Based on the Commission’s objectives, the revision will introduce some of the same concepts that are being considered under the review of the REACH regulation.  Most importantly, the Commission is considering extending the generic approach to risk management to better protect against the inclusion of carcinogenic, mutagenic, reprotoxic or endocrine disrupting chemicals in cosmetics.  In practice, this will likely mean broader, more generalized restrictions on cosmetics ingredients.  The revision will better align the EU’s scientific assessment process for chemicals with the REACH regulation and will entail a revision of the currently applied definition of nanomaterials as well as labeling rules.

The public consultation on the revision of the Cosmetic Products Regulation ended in June 2022 but the Commission has not yet published its legislative proposal.  Once the proposal is published, it will still have to go through the EU’s legislative procedure, as described above.

Agricultural Documentation

Phytosanitary Certificates

Phytosanitary certificates are required for most fresh fruits, vegetables, and other plant materials.

Sanitary Certificates

For commodities composed of animal products or by-products, Member States require that shipments be accompanied by a certificate issued by the competent authority of the exporting country.  This applies regardless of whether the product is for human consumption, for pharmaceutical use, or strictly for non-human use (e.g., veterinary biologicals, animal feeds, fertilizers, and research).  The majority of these certificates are uniform throughout the European Union, but the harmonization process is still ongoing.  Until harmonization is finalized, Member State import requirements continue to apply.  In addition to the legally required EU health certificates, a number of other certificates are used in international trade.  These certificates, which may also be harmonized in EU legislation, certify origin for customs purposes and certain quality attributes. 

Sanitary Certificates (Fisheries)

In April 2006, the European Union declared the U.S. seafood inspection system to be equivalent to the European system.  Consequently, a specific public health certificate must accompany U.S. seafood shipments.  The U.S. fishery product sanitary certificate is a combination of Commission Decision 2006/199/EC for the public health attestation and Regulation 1012/2012 for the general template and animal health attestation.  Unlike for fishery products, the U.S. shellfish sanitation system is not equivalent to that of the European Union’s system.  In 2022, the European Union and the United States concluded an agreement that permits the resumption of live, raw, and processed bivalve molluscan shellfish, which will allow producers in certain states (Massachusetts and Washington) to send mollusks to the European Union, and producers in certain Member States (Spain and the Netherlands) to send products to the United States.

The U.S. competent authority for issuing sanitary certificates for fishery and aquaculture products is the U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Marine Fisheries Service.

In addition to sanitary certificates, all third countries wishing to export fishery products to the European Union are requested to provide a catch certificate.  This catch certificate certifies that the products in question have been caught legally.

For detailed information on import documentation for seafood, please contact the NOAA Fisheries Office at the U.S. Mission to the European Union or visit the NOAA website.

Fit for 55 Package

In July 2021, the European Commission proposed its Fit for 55 Package, a set of policy proposals impacting climate, energy, land use, transportation, and taxation.  The legislative package is aimed at helping to reduce net greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030, compared to 1990 levels, and achieving climate neutrality by 2050.  It envisages a comprehensive transformation across all parts of the economy and will affect various sectors along the entire value chain, covering a wide range of goods and services, domestic and imported – sold in the EU.  It requires a careful, technical, and detailed review to assess the impact on U.S. exports and commercial interests.

Within its thirteen proposals, the Fit for 55 Package includes:

  • Amendment to the Renewable Energy Directive to implement the ambition of the new 2030 climate target.  Raises the renewable energy target of the EU’s final energy consumption by 2030, with specific targets for transportation, heating and cooling, buildings, and industry.  On October 9, 2023, the EU Council adopted the amended Renewable Energy Directive (RED III).  The revised Directive EU/2023/2413 entered into force on November 20, 2023. There will be an eighteen-month period to transpose most of the directive’s provisions into national law, with a shorter deadline of July 2024 for some provisions related to permitting for renewables.  It sets an overall renewable energy target of at least 42.5% binding at the EU level by 2030 (with the aim of 45%).


  • Directive on Energy Efficiency.  EU directive 2023/1791 on energy efficiency entered into force on October 10, 2023.  The directive embeds the “energy efficiency first” principle, and states that energy supply and demand be made more efficient, by cost-effective end-use energy savings, demand-response initiatives and more efficient conversion, transmission and distribution of energy.  Energy-efficiency solutions must be assessed in planning, policy and major investment decisions worth more than €100 million, or €175 million for transport infrastructure projects.  This covers energy consumption and energy efficiency sectors such as buildings, transport, water, information and communications technology (ICT), agriculture and financial sectors.  The directive increases the energy-efficiency target to be met across the EU in 2030 and revises energy-management system and energy-audit requirements.  District heating and cooling system requirements will change to increase integration of renewable energy and waste heat and cold.  Member states must promote local heating and cooling plans in municipalities with populations over 45,000.


  • Revision of the Energy Tax Directive.  Aligns energy product taxation with EU energy and climate policies, removing exemptions and reduced rates for the use of fossil fuels.


  • Revision of Hydrogen and Decarbonized Gas Market package.  Shifts from natural gas to renewable and low-carbon gases and boosts their uptake in the EU by 2030 and beyond. 


  • Agreement on Sustainable Aviation Fuels.  The main objective of the ReFuelEU Aviation initiative is to increase both demand for and supply of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), which have lower CO2 emissions than fossil fuel kerosene.  The regulation will require aviation fuel suppliers to ensure that all fuel made available to aircraft operators at EU airports contains a minimum share of SAF from 2025 and, from 2030, a minimum share of synthetic fuels, with both shares increasing progressively until 2050.  Fuel suppliers will have to incorporate 2% SAF in 2025, 6% in 2030, and 70% in 2050.  The ReFuelEU Aviation regulation will apply beginning in 2024.


  • The EU Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation: Identifies the electrification of transport as key instrument in decarbonization.  It sets mandatory deployment targets for electric recharging and hydrogen refueling infrastructure for the road sector, for shore-side electricity supply in maritime and inland waterway ports, and for electricity supply to stationary aircraft.  On March 28, 2023, representatives of the European Commission, the European Parliament, and the Council of the European Union agreed on a compromise for the EU Alternative Fuel Infrastructure Regulation (AFIR).  The regulation requires Member States ensure a total power output of at least 1.3 kW for each battery electric car or van and 0.8 kW for each plug-in hybrid registered in their territory is provided through publicly accessible recharging stations. Besides, Member States must ensure the installation of a fast-charging pool every 60 km in each direction of travel by 2025 along the core TEN-T and by 2030 along the comprehensive TEN-T. For trucks and buses, AFIR includes a combined approach of distance-based targets along the TEN-T, targets for recharging infrastructure at safe and secure parking areas, and targets at urban nodes. For the distance-based targets, 15% of the entire TEN-T (core and comprehensive) must be equipped with fast-charging stations at least every 120 km, increasing to 50% by 2027, and 100% by 2030.  Targets for the minimum capacity of, and maximum distance between, hydrogen refueling stations for trucks are also included.


  • Changes in Emissions Trading.  Reduces the CO2 emission cap under the EU Emissions Trading System (ETS) and raises its annual rate of reduction, while phasing out free emission allowances for aviation.  In January 2024, the ETS was extended to cover CO2 emissions from all large ships (of 5,000 gross tonnage and above) entering EU ports, regardless of the flag they fly. The system covers 50% of emissions from voyages starting or ending outside of the EU, and 100% of emissions that occur between two EU ports and when ships are within EU ports.


  • New Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism.  Introduces a carbon price when certain products are imported to ensure that ambitious climate action in Europe does not lead to carbon leakage.  The new Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) targets imports of products in carbon-intensive industries.  It is designed to function in parallel with the EU’s emissions trading system as well as to mirror and complement its functioning on imported goods.  The CBAM entered into application in a transitional phase on October 1, 2023, with the first reporting period for importers ending January 31, 2024. The CBAM will initially apply to imports of certain goods and selected precursors whose production is carbon intensive including cement, iron and steel, aluminum, fertilizers, electricity and hydrogen.  With this enlarged scope, CBAM will eventually capture more than 50% of the emissions in ETS covered sectors. The objective of the transitional period is to serve as a pilot and learning period for all stakeholders (importers, producers and authorities).


  • Methane Emission Reductions.  The proposal aims to track and reduce methane emissions in the energy sector.  At the COP26 UN Climate Conference in 2021, the EU launched the Global Methane Pledge in partnership with the United States, whereby over 100 countries committed to reducing their methane emissions by 30% by 2030 compared to 2020 levels. In November 2023, the Council and the European Parliament agreed provisionally on the regulation. The formal adoption by both institutions is needed for the rules to become EU legislation.

The Integrated Tariff is also available to help determine if a license is required for a particular product.   The European Commission maintains a link to the Access2Markets portal (which replaces the EU Trade Helpdesk) where information can be found using Harmonized Systems codes to determine, among other information, potential requirements, tariffs, the European Union’s markets import rules, and taxes.  The Access2Markets portal does not provide information for exports from the United States to the European Union, however.  (Using information for a similar North American country, such as exports from Canada, approximates key requirements that may be used as a starting point for your most current Harmonized Systems code.)

For information relevant to Member State import licenses, please consult the relevant Member States’ Country Commercial Guide.



[1] 0.1% weight by weight is how the Waste Framework Directive sets out the threshold for registering products in the “SCIP database” if they contain any number of dangerous chemicals (SVHCs).  The %w/w formula is expressed as: