Uganda - Country Commercial Guide
Oil and Gas

This is a best prospect industry sector for this country.  Includes a market overview and trade data.

Last published date: 2021-11-12


Approximately 1.4 billion of Uganda’s 6.5 billion barrels of proven oil reserves, located mostly on its western border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are estimated to be economically recoverable.  French firm Total, and CNOOC, hold licenses to develop these resources.  In April and May 2021, the Ugandan government, the Government of Tanzania, CNOOC, and Total signed a series of agreements related to the East Africa Crude Oil Pipeline (EACOP).  The agreements signed included shareholder, tariff, and transportation agreements.  According to the shareholder agreement, the EACOP shareholders are Total (72%), Uganda National Oil Company (15%), CNOOC (8%), and Tanzania Petroleum Development Corporation (5%).  The Ugandan government expects developing the oil sector will require several billion dollars of infrastructure investment to build and support a refinery, two central processing facilities, and the 1,445 km EACOP - the world’s longest heated pipeline.  In 2018, the AGRC – a U.S.-led group of companies including General Electric, YAATRA Africa, and the Italian engineering firm Saipem – won the right to finance, build, and operate a planned $3.5 billion oil refinery.  In June 2021, Total announced it had made a conditional award of $2 billion to a consortium led by U.S.-McDermott International and Chinese-Sinopec for engineering, procurement, construction, and commissioning (EPCC) for the development of 31 well beds and a central processing facility of the Tilenga onshore oil field that will generate up to 200,000 barrels per day. 

The Petroleum Authority of Uganda requires that all firms seeking to participate in Uganda’s oil sector register with its National Supplier Database (  For instructions on this process, please see:  U.S. Embassy Kampala – Commercial Opportunities.   


International oil companies are increasingly looking for service subcontractors including engineers, housing construction, road infrastructure design and construction, environmental hazard controls, and vocational training services.


  • Petroleum Authority of Uganda – National Supplier Database:  
  • Uganda Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development:
  • Directorate of Geological Survey and Mines of Uganda:
  • Total Uganda [licensed oil production company]:; email:
  • CNOOC Uganda Ltd. (licensed oil production company):; email:
  • Fluor [bidding on oil pipeline]
  • McDermott (EPCC Contractor hired by Total):
  • Yaatra Ventures (lead firm for the refinery consortium – AGRC):