Overview of the different labeling and marking requirements, including any restrictive advertising or labeling practices and where to get more information.
Labeling is required on all processed food, healthcare, and cosmetic products, imported or locally produced, by the Thai Food and Drug Administration (TFDA), Ministry of Public Health (MOPH).
For imported foods, a Thai label must be applied where needed prior to entry and be affixed to every single item of the food product prior to marketing. Failure to apply the label before entry will lead to product seizure by the TFDA. The TFDA only requires pre-approved labels for specifically controlled foods. The importer of specifically controlled foods must request for a permit to use the pre-approved label by filing out Form Sor Bor 3/1 together with formulations, production method, food quality analysis result, or other documentation in regard to food standard and labeling via TFDA’s electronic submission system. Once approved, TFDA will issue a food serial number and label authorization. More details on food labeling permit applications are available in Thai at:. http://www.ratchakitcha.soc.go.th/DATA/PDF/2564/E/102/T_0003.PDF
For other foods, the food manufacturers or food importers are responsible for preparing a product label that complies with the Ministerial Notification No. 367 B.E. 2557 Re: Food Labeling of Prepackaged Food, Ministerial Notification No. 383 B.E. 2560 (2017), Re: The Labeling of Pre-packaged Foods (No.2) and Ministerial Notification No. 401 B.E. 2562 (2019) Re: The Labeling of Pre-packaged Foods (No. 3).
Labeling of food products imported into Thailand must display the following key information:
- Name of food;
- Food serial number;
- Name and address of manufacturer, packer, or importer;
- Contents of food in metric ingredients;
- Percentage by weight of main ingredients;
- Allergen warning text;
- Functional class title of food additives together with specific names of international numbering system;
- Declared text of flavoring agent;
- Display of “should consume by” or “expiration date”;
- Warning statement (if any);
- Storage instruction (if any);
- Cooking instruction (if any);
- Instruction for use and essential text for food intended use for infant or newborn baby;
- Additional text as specified in the annex; and
- Texts as specified by particular notification.
More details of each listed item are available in the Notification of the Ministry of Public Health
Additionally, TFDA requires some types of food products to bear nutrition labeling and guideline daily amounts (GDA) labeling. The relevant detailed information is available at:
- MOPH Notification No. 182 B.E. 2541 (1998) Re: Nutrition Labeling;
- MOPH Notification No. 219 B.E. 2544 (2001) Re: Amendment of Nutrition Labeling
- MOPH Notification No. 394 B.E. 2561 (2018) Re: Food Products required to bear nutrition labeling and GDA
Labels for alcoholic beverages must display the importer/distributor name and address and percentage of alcohol content. There must also be a health warning, printed in Thai, on the label, or on a sticker, with specific government-approved wording. There are also regulatory requirements related to cosmetic labeling. Local agents or importers can help to register a product and ensure labeling requirements are met.