Includes information on average tariff rates and types that U.S. firms should be aware of when exporting to the market.
Thailand’s average Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) applied tariff rate was 10 percent in 2019 (latest data available). Thailand’s average MFN applied tariff rate was 29 percent for agricultural products and seven percent for non-agricultural products in 2019. Thailand has bound 75 percent of its tariff lines in the World Trade Organization (WTO), with an average WTO bound tariff rate of 28 percent.
High tariffs in many sectors continue to hinder access to the Thai market for many U.S. products. The highest ad valorem tariff rates apply to imports competing with locally produced goods, including automobiles and automotive parts, motorcycles, beef, pork, poultry, tea, tobacco, flowers, beer and spirits, and textiles and apparel. For example, Thailand applies import tariffs of 80 percent on motor vehicles, 60 percent on motorcycles and certain clothing products, and 54 percent to 60 percent on distilled spirits. Thailand applies a 10 percent tariff on most pharmaceutical products, including almost all products on the World Health Organization’s list of essential medicines, with the exception of some vaccines, anti-malarials, and anti-retrovirals, which are exempt.
MFN applied tariff rates on imported processed food products range from about 30 percent to 50 percent. Tariffs on meats, fresh fruits and vegetables, fresh cheese, and pulses (e.g., dry peas, lentils, and chickpeas) are similarly high. For corn, the in-quota tariff is 20 percent, and the out-of-quota tariff is 73 percent. The type of potato used to produce frozen French fries, for example, is not produced in Thailand, yet imports of these potatoes face a 30 percent tariff. Tariffs on apples and almonds are 10 percent, while duties on pears, cherries, citrus, prepared almonds, and table grapes range from 30 percent to 40 percent.
Thailand has maintained the same list of tariff-rate-quota (TRQ) from its commitments under the WTO agreement on agriculture since 2004. Thailand imposes domestic purchase requirements for several tariff-rate quota products, including nonfat dry milk, soybeans, soybean meal, and fresh potatoes.