This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.
Agriculture contributes almost 13% to Morocco’s GDP, and combined with the fishing and forestry sectors employs about 31% of Morocco’s workforce. It has an outsized impact on the economy due to highly variable rain-irrigation-based grain production, its role as an employer, and its role as a major export industry.
Moroccan agriculture is divided into three major sectors:
- Modern, private, irrigated, highly capitalized, and export-oriented farms producing mostly fruits and vegetables.
- Agriculture within large scale dam-irrigated perimeters producing dairy, sugar, seeds, fruits, and vegetables primarily for the local market; and
- Rain-fed agriculture with more favorable land in the northwest (growing grains, olives, pulses, red meat, and dairy) and less favorable land in the south and east (growing mostly grains and non-intensive sheep production).
Many Moroccan agricultural producers continue to use traditional technologies and have limited access to production inputs such as fertilizers, pesticides, and mechanization. The prevalence of small farms, complicated land title issues, and increasing land prices pose serious challenges to agricultural policy makers. Policy makers struggle with the conflicting principles of economies of scale, the capitalization requirements necessary to modernize the agricultural sector, and the desire to alleviate poverty and maintain the social structure of traditional rural society.
The Government of Morocco launched its second strategic plan for agriculture in February 2020. The new plan, called “Generation Green,” sets out an agricultural development strategy through 2030. It has two pillars:
- Develop a new agricultural middle class representing between 350,000 and 400,000 households by supporting young entrepreneurs through the mobilization of one million hectares of collective lands and the creation of 350,000 jobs with a focus on high-value agriculture.
- Promote human and social development.
The strategy also includes the digital transformation of Moroccan agriculture.
Morocco is a net importer of agricultural and related products. Morocco typically imports bulk commodities and raw materials from the United States and exports high-value, consumer-oriented products to the United States. The European Union is Morocco’s primary trading partner, accounting for about 60% of Morocco’s agricultural exports.
The United States is a net exporter of agricultural and related products to Morocco, although U.S. competitiveness has waned in recent years due to increased global competition following Moroccan grain tariff reforms. U.S. exports of bulk agricultural commodities are heavily dependent on fluctuating Moroccan production and competition from competing origins.
*Bulk and intermediate exports consist primarily of animal feed ingredients.
Source: Trade Data Monitor
The U.S.-Morocco FTA provisions have been fully implemented for all agricultural products except:
- Sugar confections and chocolate (HS code 1704909012) (will be zero duty as of 2023)
- Peas and lentils (will be zero duty as of 2023)
More information may be found at:
- Final Text | United States Trade Representative (ustr.gov)
- FTA Tariff Tool Home (trade.gov) Best Prospects for Morocco:
- Feed grains (corn and DDGS)
- Soybeans, soybean meal, and soybean oil
- Tree nuts
- Pulses, Rice
- Live animals and genetics
- Dairy Products
U.S. Trade Associations:
- U.S. Wheat Associates
- Web: https://www.uswheat.org/
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
- U.S. Soybean Export Council
- Web: https://ussec.org/
- Email: email@example.com
- U.S. Grains Council
- Web: https://grains.org/
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org (poultry sector)
- Email: email@example.com (livestock sector)
Office of Agricultural Affairs, U.S. Embassy Rabat
Phone: (+212) 537 63 75 05
List of FAS Commodity Reports and Briefs:
The Office of Agricultural Affairs publishes reports available at Home | Global Agricultural Information Network (usda.gov), including, for example:
- Exporter Guide
- Retail Foods
- Food Service - Hotel Restaurant Institutional
- Food Processing Ingredients
- Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Narrative
- Food and Agricultural Import Regulations and Standards - Certification
- Agricultural Biotechnology Annual
- Grain and Feed