Iceland - Country Commercial Guide
Trade Agreements

Describes trade agreements this country is a party to. Includes resources where U.S. companies can get information on how to take advantage of these agreements.

Last published date: 2022-06-09

The United States does not share either a bilateral investment treaty (BIT) or a free trade agreement (FTA) with Iceland, although the two parties signed a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) in January 2009 and have an annual Economic Dialogue.  The United States and Iceland currently do not have a treaty granting visas for commerce and investment (i.e. E1/E2 visas for Treaty Traders and Treaty Investors).

Iceland is a member of the European Free Trade Association (EFTA), and therefore has access to the Norwegian, Swiss, and Liechtenstein markets, as well as the EU market through the EEA Agreement.  The 1994 EEA agreement unites the EFTA and EU member states into one single market with free movement of goods, capital, services, and persons.  The agreement further stipulates tariff-free trade of industrial products that originate from countries that are part of the agreement and reduced or eliminated tariffs on processed agricultural products and seafood.  Iceland has a bilateral agreement with the EU dating back to 1972 with reduced or zero tariffs on Icelandic seafood exported to the EU.  In 2018, an agreement came into force between Iceland and the EU concerning reduced or eliminated tariffs, and increased tariff quotas on unprocessed agricultural products.  As part of this agreement, Iceland dropped tariffs of more than 340 categories of unprocessed agricultural products, and reduced tariffs of more than 20 categories.  U.S. agricultural products exported to Iceland face tariffs of up to 30 percent higher than products from the EU.

Iceland signed a trade agreement with the Peoples Republic of China (entered into force in 2014) that offers reciprocal tariff-free treatment on a range of goods.  Iceland has an FTA with the Faroe Islands (entered into force in 2006).  Iceland signed a customs agreement with Denmark on behalf of Greenland (entered into force 1985).  The EFTA member states have collectively signed FTAs with the UK, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Chile, Egypt, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Georgia, Hong Kong, Israel, Jordan, Canada, Columbia, Lebanon, Macedonia, Morocco, Mexico, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Panama, Peru, Palestine, Singapore, Serbia, South Korea, Montenegro, the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), Tunisia, Turkey, and Ukraine.

Iceland has signed Treaties with Investment Provisions (TIPs) with the following countries:  EFTA States and Indonesia EPA (signed but not in force), EFTA States and Ecuador FTA (signed but not in force), EFTA States and Philippines FTA, EFTA States and Gulf Cooperation Council FTA (signed but not in force).

Iceland has signed Bilateral Investment Treaties (BITs) with the following countries:  Egypt, India (terminated), Mexico, Lebanon (signed but not in force), Chile, Vietnam, Lithuania, Latvia, and China.