Hong Kong - Country Commercial Guide
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Hong Kong’s logistics sector plays a crucial role in facilitating international trade and connecting the world with the vast markets of China and Asia. Situated on the southern coast of China, Hong Kong’s strategic location, world-class infrastructure, business-friendly environment, and efficient logistics services have made it a global logistics hub. Indeed, the city is within a five-hour flight radius of half of the world’s population, making it an ideal distribution hub for companies looking to reach the Asian market.

Infrastructure and Connectivity

Hong Kong boasts a modern and well-developed infrastructure that supports its logistics industry. The city’s world-class port facilities, including the Kwai Tsing Container Terminals, make it one of the busiest container ports globally. Its international airport, Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), is a major air cargo hub, handling millions of tons of goods annually. With the third runway now being operational, it is forecasted to boost HKIA’s passenger capacity from the pre-pandemic level of around 70 million to 120 million travelers per year, and to double the airport’s ability to process freight capacity to ten million tons annually by 2035.  The city’s extensive road and rail networks enhance connectivity both domestically and internationally.

Free Trade and Business Environment

Hong Kong’s commitment to free trade and its business-friendly environment have attracted numerous multinational companies and logistics service providers.  The city has a low tax regime, minimal customs barriers, and a liberal trade policy, making it an ideal location for businesses to establish their regional headquarters or distribution centers. Hong Kong’s common law legal system, protection of intellectual property rights, and efficient bureaucracy further contribute to its favorable business environment.

Logistics Services

Hong Kong offers a wide range of logistics services, including freight forwarding, warehousing, distribution, supply chain management, and value-added services.  The sector comprises a mix of local and international logistics providers, ensuring a competitive landscape and a diverse range of service offerings.  These logistics companies leverage Hong Kong’s efficient transportation infrastructure to facilitate the movement of goods, both domestically and across borders.

Trade with Mainland China

The proximity of Hong Kong to mainland China has positioned the city as a gateway for trade between China and the rest of the world. The implementation of the Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement (CEPA) has further enhanced trade ties by providing preferential access to the mainland market for Hong Kong-based companies.  This arrangement has resulted in increased cross-border logistics activities, with Hong Kong serving as a distribution and consolidation hub for goods destined for mainland China.

Under CEPA, Hong Kong-based companies enjoy preferential access to the mainland market, including reduced tariffs and simplified customs procedures.  This arrangement has boosted industries such as electronics, textiles, machinery, and professional services.  Hong Kong serves as a distribution and consolidation hub for goods destined for mainland China, leveraging its efficient logistics infrastructure and cross-border transportation networks.

E-commerce and Cross-border Trade

The rapid growth of e-commerce and cross-border trade has presented significant opportunities for Hong Kong’s logistics sector.  The city’s advanced logistics infrastructure, coupled with its efficient customs clearance processes, enables seamless movement of goods between Hong Kong and mainland China. Hong Kong-based e-commerce platforms and logistics providers have capitalized on the booming e-commerce market, offering integrated logistics solutions to support cross-border transactions.

Logistics Technology and Innovation

To maintain its competitiveness, Hong Kong has embraced logistics technology and innovation.  The use of advanced technologies such as blockchain, artificial intelligence (AI), big data analytics, and Internet of Things (IoT) has streamlined supply chain operations, improved efficiency, and enhanced visibility across the logistics network.  The government has also been proactive in supporting research and development initiatives and fostering collaboration between industry players and research institutions.

Sustainability and Green Initiatives

Hong Kong recognizes the importance of sustainable logistics practices and has taken steps to promote environmental responsibility within the sector.  The government has implemented various measures, including the development of eco-friendly infrastructure, incentivizing the use of electric vehicles, and promoting energy-efficient operations.  These initiatives aim to reduce carbon emissions, minimize environmental impact, and enhance the overall sustainability of the logistics industry.

Challenges and Future Outlook

Despite its strengths, Hong Kong’s logistics sector faces several challenges. Rising competition from neighboring ports and cities, geopolitical uncertainties, and the evolving global trade landscape pose potential risks. However, Hong Kong’s embrace of technology, fostering innovation, promoting sustainability, and continuous investment in infrastructure provide a solid foundation for future growth.  



Hong Kong Trade Show:

Asian Logistics, Maritime, and Aviation Conference

Dates: November 21 – November 22 2023

Venues: Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre


Hong Kong Government Agencies

Transport Department

Hong Kong International Airport

Hong Kong Maritime and Port Board



Hong Kong Logistics Association

Hong Kong Shipowners Association


Related Resources

Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminals


For more information about this industry sector, please contact:

U.S. Commercial Service, Hong Kong

Michael Wajintal, Commercial Specialist

Email: michael.wajintal@trade.gov