In March 2021, economic, commercial, and technical cooperation agreements between the DRC and Qatar were signed to guarantee the security and protection of massive investments. These agreements provide for the modernization and development of airport and port infrastructure as well as capacity building for Congolese sectoral experts. In June 2021, the DRC and Namibia were discussing the formalization of a trade agreement on the supply of horse mackerel fish. The DRC and Rwanda have signed three bilateral trade agreements. The first concerns traceability in gold mining. The second agreement concerns a convention for “the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes and income,” and the last covers “the promotion and protection of investments.” In October 2021, the DRC and Angola signed a trade agreement, including taxation, customs, transport, and an agreement for oil exploitation in common interest in September 2021. The DRC and Zambia signed a bilateral trade agreement in September 2021 as part of the improvement and development of their cross-border trade, including advancing the implementation of the MOU on the issue of importing maize and maize meal.
In February 2022, the DRC deposited its instrument of ratification and became the 42nd country to ratify the continent-wide African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA). The DRC signed AfCFTA in March 2018 and the National Assembly approved the treaty in April 2021. The agreement aims to facilitate imports and exports among member countries with reduced or zero tariffs, free market access and market information, and the elimination of trade barriers. In April 2022, the DRC joined the East African Community (EAC), depositing the instruments of ratification of accession to the EAC treaty with the bloc’s secretariat in July 2022. The GDRC has made efforts to harmonize its system with these regional bodies.