This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.
Turkey’s sizeable population of 83 million (average age: 31), dynamic entrepreneurial class and advantageous geographic position as a bridge between Europe, Asia and Africa has made the country an important manufacturing and distribution hub. Turkey positions itself in the global value chain by leveraging its logistical advantage, offering lower labor costs and flexible production capabilities. Manufacturing’s share of GDP has been 16.5% in the last decade and Turkey aims to boost it to 21% by 2023 through its 2023 Industry and Technology Strategy.
Advanced manufacturing technologies are increasingly implemented across Turkey, with international companies leading the way. The early adaptive industries are automotive and aviation manufacturing, both dominated by major international companies with many local suppliers who must meet the latest standards and technological requirements. In addition, durable consumer goods, electronics, chemicals, machinery, steel, construction, textiles, energy and mining industries are focused on implementing advanced manufacturing technologies to remain competitive.
Turkey needs to take concrete steps in digitalization and advanced manufacturing to move to a more innovative economy based on high productivity. Through more advanced manufacturing technologies, Turkey can move further up the global value chain, ensure its future global competitiveness as well as boost a currently weakening economy. Currently, 36% of Turkey’s manufacturing exports consists of medium-tech products and 3% high-tech products. The country aims to increase the former to 44% and the latter to nearly 6% by 2023. In line with the target of turning Turkey’s economy into an economy with high added value, the government supports technology initiatives and major procurements, creating new opportunities for international technology companies. Based on the size of the economy, over the next decade, Turkey is expected to invest about $1-$1.5 billion annually to integrate industry 4.0 solutions into the manufacturing process. The digitalization progress will necessitate further investment to upgrade the country’s technological infrastructure, such as in fixed and mobile broadband services as well as fiber optics. It will also require transforming the education system to prioritize Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) skills. If Turkey fully adapts the industry 4.0 concept, it could save $10 billion/year in current manufacturing costs. This analysis is based on a 4-7% estimated increase in productivity, considering total production costs.
In 2019, the Ministry of Science, Industry and Technology announced Turkey’s 2023 Industry and Technology Strategy, “National Technology Move,” detailing the roadmap and incentives for R&D and digital transformation of industrial enterprises. Investments related to over 300 product groups in the machinery, semiconductor, aerospace, defense, transportation technology, software, electronics, chemistry, and pharmaceutical industries will be supported. Incentives will be provided for the development of new technologies involving artificial intelligence, 5G, big data and data analytics, IOT, blockchain, robotics and autonomy, UAV’s, biotechnology, nanotechnology, cybersecurity, additive manufacturing, quantum computing, agritech and energy technologies. Digital Transformation Centers piloting new technologies will be established within the organized industrial zones and technology development zones (technoparks). Due to Turkey’s Customs Union with the European Union and accession talks for EU membership, it has access to the EU Horizon2020 Industry 4.0 funds. These funds provide $0.5-$2.5 million in support for private sector projects in various Industry 4.0 headings.
Innovative Materials / Technical Textiles
Innovative materials/technical textiles are used in sectors such as aviation, agriculture, construction and infrastructure, medical, energy, transportation, marine and defense. Turkey’s total imports in this category (including composites) is around $2.5 billion. The market is expected to grow between 4-7% annually.
The automotive, aerospace and defense, household appliances, machinery, jewelry and medical/dental industries started to use additive manufacturing in Turkey in 2014. SMEs seek additive manufacturing primarily for the molding process and typically outsource this service. Turkey accounts for 1.3% of global additive manufacturing use as of 2019. Over 500, mostly polymer-based, 3D printers are used in manufacturing. There is growing demand for advanced 3D printers and CAD and CAM programs, advanced printing materials (including biomaterials) and large-scale additive production capabilities.
According to the Industrial Automation Association (ENOSAD), the industrial automation market in Turkey was valued at $1.5 billion in 2019, with an annual growth rate of over 10%. It is expected to reach $2.5 billion within the next five years.
Many international companies present in Turkey also serve Russia, the CIS, the Middle East and North African markets, with an annual regional business volume of around $2.5 billion. (2019)
IIOT / Big Data and Analytics
Some of the solutions used by Turkish companies include:
- Supply chain and warehouse management processes – real-time tracking of demand, order fulfillment, manufacturing flow, returns, etc.
- Production lines – real-time control of performance, product durability and safety
- Predictive maintenance – real-time monitoring of industrial manufacturing devices allowing companies to predict when maintenance is required
Industry analysts estimate that the Turkish market size will reach a cumulative amount of $50 billion between 2017-2022, including sensors, optronics, M2M software and hardware, Artificial Intelligence, modeling and simulations, cloud services and cybersecurity applications.
There are 14,000 operational industrial robots in Turkey, with about half in the automotive industry. According to 2019 statistics, countries with robotics in manufacturing use on average 80 robots per 10,000 workers. This average for all industries combined is just 20 in Turkey, leaving significant potential growth opportunities for robotics in manufacturing. The most robots in Turkey are used in the automotive industry, with over 200 robots per 10,000 workers, making it a top ten global market for robots used in automotive. Turkey is also a growing market for secondhand robots. Germany and the United States are the main sources of secondhand models, as countries that replace their industrial robots at regular intervals.
Augmented and Virtual Reality
The use of AR- and VR-based systems in manufacturing in Turkey is still in its infancy; however, there is great interest in the market to adopt these technologies. In the aviation, defense, automotive, electronics, durable goods and textile industries, a number of large companies use AR and/or VR to select parts in their respective warehouses, transmit repair instructions over mobile devices, simulate products and production processes and train workers.
Turkey ranks 16th among markets for U.S. manufacturing technology exports, according to the U.S. Department of Commerce’s International Trade Administration. In Turkey, companies with the greatest demand for advanced manufacturing technology solutions are those active in the automotive, aviation, defense, durable consumer goods, electronics, chemical, machinery, steel, construction, textile, food processing, energy and mining industries.
For industry 4.0 applications, emerging opportunities can be seen in information and material flows, supplier integration, product simulation and modeling and production process in the design phase, advanced materials, flexible production, big data analytics, enhanced cybersecurity and smart product and production lines to increase predictability. In addition, there is a significant need for qualified solution partners and systems integrators.
A 2018 report by the Turkish Informatics Foundation indicates that 50% of manufacturers in Turkey plan to invest in industry 4.0 within the next three to five years, 20% still do not have any knowledge/strategy and the remaining 30% plan investments in five to ten years. In a 2018 survey conducted by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK), the technologies that Turkish SMEs considered most important for their industry were automation and control systems, advanced robotics, and additive manufacturing.
Ministry of Industry and Technology: www.sanayi.gov.tr
Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK): www.tubitak.gov.tr/en
Turkish Machinery Federation (MAKFED): www.mib.org.tr/en
Turkish Industrial Automation Association (ENOSAD): www.enosad.org.tr
Turkish Composites Manufacturers Association: www.kompozit.org.tr/en/home
Robot Investments Forum and Exhibition: www.robotyatirimlari.com/en
Process Automation Forum and Exhibition: https://prosesotomasyonu.com/
Eurasian Composites Show: www.eurasiancomposites.com
MAKTEK Eurasia: www.maktekfuari.com/en
WIN Eurasia: www.win-eurasia.com/en
Smart Future Expo: www.smartfutureexpo.com
For further information on this section or for more on potential opportunities, contact:
U.S. Commercial Service Turkey