Turkey’s customs regulations are governed by the Ministry of Trade. Customs legislation pertains to eight customs regimes and their related regulations. They include:
- Entry to free circulation
- Transit regime
- Customs and warehouse regime
- Inward processing regime
- Processing under customs control
- Temporary admission
- Outward processing
- Export regime
Each of the above listed regimes has a separate set of rules and related procedures.
Turkey is a party to the Customs Union with the EU and is obliged to approximate its laws to the EU acquis in competition, intellectual property, and common trade policy areas, as well as free movement of goods area. The Turkey-EU Customs Union covers only industrial products and processed agricultural products. Certain association council decisions are applied to agricultural products. For coal and steel products, a preferential agreement is applied. The Customs Union not only abolishes customs duties, but also requires the elimination of all distortive trade barriers and/or mechanisms that result in one party possessing an unfair advantage over the other party. In line with this approach, Turkey is obliged to approximate its laws to the EU acquis in competition, intellectual property, and common trade policy, as well as the free movement of goods.