Netherlands - Country Commercial Guide

This is a best prospect industry sector for this country. Includes a market overview and trade data.

Last published date: 2022-09-09


In 2021, the Netherlands produced roughly 118 billion kWh of energy. This represents a decrease of over 2 billion kWh from 2020. Fossil fuel production decreased by 33 percent and renewable energy production rose by 22 percent. The top five energy sources in the Netherlands were as follows: natural gas (47%), wind (15%), coal (14%), solar (10%), and biomass (8%). Additional energy sources included nuclear, petroleum products and hydropower. The country has one nuclear power plant and one LNG terminal.

Table: Energy Mix of the Netherlands


Fossil (BN kWh)

Renewable (BN kWh)

Nuclear & other (BN kWh)













Source: Statistics Netherlands (CBS)  

Leading Sub-Sectors

The primary focus of Dutch energy policy is carbon reduction through a so-called Energy Transition. The Netherlands was one of the first EU countries to announce plans to eliminate natural gas from its energy mix altogether. The need to transition away from natural gas has gained further urgency in the Netherlands after the invasion of Ukraine. The current government coalition committed to a 55 percent reduction in carbon emissions by 2030 compared to 1990. This goal will be reached primarily through the construction of offshore wind farms in the North Sea. Other important aspects of Dutch government policy include opening two new nuclear power plants, encouraging large energy consumers to reduce their consumption, and stimulating additional sustainable energy production (solar, onshore wind, biomass, geothermal heat, and hydropower).

The U.S. Department of Energy and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy in 2020 signed a statement of intent to collaborate on hydrogen technology. Through this effort, real-world data from hydrogen applications will be gathered to guide both organizations’ future hydrogen research and development and demonstration activities.


One of the most important instruments to drive emissions reductions is the Stimulation of Sustainable Energy Production (SDE++) support scheme, which uses competitive auctions to award operational subsidies to renewable energy projects. From 2011 to 2020, SDE+ allocated EUR 60 billion of subsidies, which are paid out over a period of up to 15 years based on the amount of renewable energy generated. In 2020, SDE+ was expanded into the Sustainable Energy Transition Incentive Scheme (SDE++), which uses a similar auction process to award subsidies to a wider set of technologies based on avoided CO2 emissions, including carbon capture and storage (CCS) and low-carbon hydrogen. Additional information of the scheme can be found on the website of the Netherlands Enterprise Agency.


Market  Analysis:

PBL Energy and Climate Change Reports



Alec Boydston, Commercial Specialist                                      

U.S. Commercial Service – The Netherlands | +31 70 310 2420