Indonesia - Country Commercial Guide
Financial Services (Financial Technology)

This is a best prospect industry sector for this country.  Includes a market overview and trade data.

Last published date: 2021-09-09

Overview

Indonesia presents significant opportunities in the financial technology sector based on the country’s standing as the largest economy in Southeast Asia and the fourth-most populous nation in the world. Electronic money is accepted as a form of payment by over 500,000 merchants across Indonesia. In 2019, there were 5.2 billion e-money transactions worth a total of USD 9.8 billion (IDR 145.1 trillion), according to Bank Indonesia. With over 10 million fixed-line broadband internet subscribers and 248.2 million 3G and 4G mobile phone subscribers, access to financial technology is widespread. Financial institutions in Indonesia are increasingly emphasize the importance of technology to reach financial inclusion goals among the world’s third-largest unbanked population, and often look abroad for potential vendors and partners with experience.

Based on research from FinTech Fast 101 DC released by IDC Financial Insights in 2020, the 10 fastest-growing financial technology players in Indonesia were:

•               Akulaku (e-commerce and digital financial technology)

•               Amartha (micro loans in rural areas)

•               Bareksa (digital mutual funds)

•               CekAja (credit, investment, insurance, and lending services)

•               DANA (e-wallet platform)

•               GO-JEK / GO-PAY (ride share hailing and e-wallet)

•               Investree (P2P lending)

•               LinkAja (e-wallet)

•               OVO (e-wallet)

•               UangTeman (P2P lending)

The fintech industry in Indonesia is regulated by two government entities, Bank Indonesia and the Financial Services Authority (Otoritas Jasa Keuangan, or OJK). Bank Indonesia oversees monetary policy and the payment ecosystem, while OJK oversees peer-to-peer lending, crowdfunding, digital banking, financial data security, insurance technology, and financial consumer protection. Both agencies have financial technology divisions and engage regularly with industry players and maintain long-term strategies that encourage development of the financial technology sector.

OJK launched the “Master Plan for the Indonesian Financial Services Sector (MPSJKI) 2021-2025,” this plan is expected to help overcome the short-term challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic and the structural challenges in realizing a national financial services sector that is competitive, contribute, and inclusive. The key priorities covered in the master plan include strengthening the resilience and competitiveness of the financial services sector, accelerating digital transformation in the financial services sector, and development of the financial services sector ecosystem.

MPSJKI 2021-2025 will focus on the following 5 priorities:

  • Supporting the National Economic Recovery Program (OJK has extended the restructuring policy applied to debtors affected by the pandemic until March 2022)
  • Strengthening the resilience and competitiveness of the financial services sector
  • Developing the financial services sector ecosystem
  • Accelerating digital transformation in the financial sector (OJK encourages the digitalization of products and business processes in the financial services industry, including granting permits for digital banks, focus on strengthening prudential rules for fintech P2P lending)
  • Strengthening internal capacity through improvements in supervisory approached and infrastructure (OJK plans to develop integrated supervision of all financial service products, including digital products, and monitoring potential risks originating from outside the financial services sector and corporate companies)

OJK also released the 2020 – 2025 Indonesian Banking Development Roadmap (RP2I), as an answer to the challenges during the pandemic. The RP2I was developed in line with the Indonesian Financial Services Sector Master Plan 2021-2025, which had previously been launched. The RP2I contains four main pillars as a basis for the policy.

The four main pillars are:

  • Strengthening the structure and competitive advantage (the banking sector is expected to improve the capital structure, banking business consolidation, strengthen efficient governance, and encourage innovation and services.
  • Strengthening IT management, encouraging the use of game-changers such as artificial intelligence, encouraging technology cooperation between business actors, and encouraging the implementation of advanced digital bank technology.
  • Strengthening the role of banking in the national economy, which focuses on optimizing financial education.
  • Strengthening of regulation, licensing, and supervision through the use of technology.

Leading Sub-Sectors

E-money digital wallets and peer-to-peer (P2P) lending are the two fastest growing financial technology sub-sectors in Indonesia.

E-money digital wallets: The value of e-money transactions increased from USD 196 million (IDR 2.9 trillion) in 2013 to USD 13.9 billion (IDR 201 trillion) in 2020 and the volume increased from 137.9 million transactions in 2013 to 4.6 billion in 2020, according to Bank Indonesia data. Currently the top 10 players in the e-wallet market in Indonesia are: OVO, Bank Mandiri, GoPay, DANA, BCA, BRI, LinkAja, ShopeePay, BNI, and DOKU.

E-Money Transactions in Indonesia from 2014-2020

Period

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Volume

203,369,990

535,579,528

683,133,352

943,319,933

2,922,698,905

5,226,699,919

4,625,703,561

Value

3,319,556

5,283,018

7,063,689

12,375,469

47,198,616

145,165,468

204,909,170

Source: Bank Indonesia (Volume in number of transactions & value in millions of IDR)

FinTech P2P Lending: As of late July 2021, there were 121 peer-to-peer (P2P) lending companies, including 68 licensed companies and 53 registered companies, according to statistics compiled by OJK. In the face of restrictions and lockdowns brought about the COVID-19 pandemic, Indonesia has seen a surge in digital adoption among consumers and accelerated growth of both digital payments and e-commerce platforms. The rising digital payments transactions reflect the evolving digital financial literacy of the Indonesian population. Bank of Indonesia foresees that the uptake of digital transactions will continue with e-commerce and e-payments growing by 33.25% and 32.3%, respectively in 2021.

Despite significant progress in the shift towards cashless transactions, cash is still widely used and financial inclusion remains low for individuals and small businesses. In 2021 OVO is looking to expand its offerings in three major verticals: insurance, investment, and lending. OVO introduced P2P lending with Taralite after securing a license from OJK in 2020. As more e-wallet players are moving to multi-line businesses to provide financial services, it will be crucial for the industry to strengthen interlinkages among providers to foster a more seamless experience for customers.

Indonesian FinTech companies are turning financial services into an engine of economic growth, and there are rapid growths of the digital economy through a wide range of innovative financial services, especially in digital marketplaces and P2P lending. By December 2020, 149 P2P lenders were registered with the OJK. Of those, 139 firms were conventional P2P lenders and 10 were sharia P2P lenders. About 67.2% of P2P borrowers are in the 19-34 age group and almost 30.4% are 35-54. In terms of gender distribution, 47.2% of borrowers are women and 52.7% are men with the majority of borrowers being individuals or smaller MSMEs.

Opportunities

As the largest economy in ASEAN, Indonesia offers a very attractive market for FinTech investors, a statement that has only became more true as COVID-19 increased demands for touchless payment services and reinforced Indonesia’s financial inclusion targets. Major foreign e-wallet market players are showing a high level of interest regarding Indonesia’s digital payment market. The importance of e-Know Your Customer systems offers a good market opportunity for U.S. companies with relevant experience. Currently, the digital payment landscape in Indonesia has become fiercer and more fragmented with more than 48 licensed e-wallet platforms led by domestic players from both public and private sectors.

Resources

  • Bank Indonesia

  • Financial Services Authority (OJK)

  • AFTECH (FinTech Indonesia)

  • AFPI (Indonesian FinTech Lending Association)

  • AFSI (FinTech Syariah Indonesia)

 

Key Fintech Regulations in Indonesia

1.

Regulation POJK No. 77/POJK.01/2016 on Information Technology-based Lending

Regulation to support the growth of fintech P2P lending platforms, as new financing alternatives for communities that have yet to enjoy optimal services from incumbent financial service institutions.

2.

Regulation POJK No.13/POJK.02/2018 on Digital Financial Innovation in the Financial Services Sector

Regulation covering all types of fintech based on a principles-based approach aimed at promoting responsibility and digital finance innovation. Covers the adoption of security systems and good governance and promotes compliance with rules related to customer protection, anti-money laundering and combating the finance of terrorism. 

3.

Regulation POJK No.12/POJK.03/2018 on the Implementation of Digital Services by Commercial Banks

Regulation on the use of information technology for digital banking.

4.

Regulation POJK No.37/POJK.04/2018 on equity crowd funding

Regulate to support equity crowdfunding.

5.

Regulation POJK No. 13/2018 on digital financial innovation

Regulation of transaction settlements, capital accumulation, investment management, fund collection and distribution, insurance, market support, other digital financial support, and other financial service activities

6.

Bank Indonesia Regulation No. 19/10/PBI/2017 on fintech companies

Regulation to support the fintech ecosystem and, in particular, companies in payments businesses. Fintech providers are obliged to register at BI and will be tested in the regulatory sandbox for around a year before they may apply for license.

7.

Bank Indonesia Regulation No. 19/12/PBI/2017

Regulation concerning the provision of financial technology.

8.

Bank Indonesia Regulation No. 19/14/PADG/2017

Regulation to establish a regulatory sandbox for financial technology.

9.

Bank Indonesia Regulation No. 20/6/PBI/2018 on E-money

Regulation on the development of e-money business models and enhance the institutional capacity of e-money issuers, including their capital and ownership composition. Sets a maximum 49% foreign ownership cap for non-bank institutions acting as e-money issuers and requires the majority of the Board of Directors for each non-bank institution providing e-money to be domiciled in Indonesia.

 

Interested parties may contact Commercial Specialist Yulie Tanuwidjaja at Yulie.Tanuwidjaja@trade.gov