Ghana - Country Commercial Guide
Trade Agreements

Describes trade agreements this country is a party to. Includes resources where U.S. companies can get information on how to take advantage of these agreements.

Last published date: 2022-03-24

U.S. Agreements and Dialogues with Ghana:  The U.S. Government has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with Ghana that facilitates coordination between our two governments to support the engagement of American businesses in the respective countries’ priority business sectors.  Ghana has a Trade and Investment Framework Agreement (TIFA) with the United States.   Many Ghanaian exports to the United States benefit from duty-free tariff preferences under the American Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) and the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP) program. 

The United States does not have a Bilateral Investment Treaty or a Double Tax Treaty with Ghana. Ghana has not yet signed the Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) intergovernmental agreement (IGA), but it has allowed banks or foreign financial institutions (FFIs) in Ghana to report information directly to the United States Internal Revenue Service.

U.S. companies can benefit from the expertise and guidance of the U.S. President’s Advisory Council on Doing Business in Africa (PAC-DBIA).  This group advises the U.S. President, through the Secretary of Commerce, on ways to strengthen commercial engagement between the United States and African countries.   

Ghana’s External Trade Agreements: Ghana’s external trade is governed by several multilateral, regional, and bilateral agreements.  Ghana is a longstanding member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and a signatory to the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement, which deals with customs processes and procedures.  Ghana is a member of the regional Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and participates in the African Union’s New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD).  Ghana is a party to the new African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA), which has been signed and ratified by 40 African Union countries and has its Secretariat in Accra.  Ghana has a bilateral Economic Partnership Agreement with the European Union and an Interim Trade Partnership Agreement with the United Kingdom.