Describes standards, identifies the national standards, accreditation bodies, and lists the national testing organization(s) and conformity assessment bodies.
The MERCOSUR standards association (In Spanish, Asociación MERCOSUR de Normalización or “AMN”) includes the standards setting bodies from Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. The AMN’s executive secretariat is located in San Paulo, Brazil and develops and harmonizes standards among the member countries. The AMN develops voluntary standards through 16 technical committees and harmonizes regional technical regulations with the MERCOSUR governments. Separate working groups for the telecommunications and healthcare sectors focus on industry specific regulations. Approved MERCOSUR regulations are not automatically applicable in each country; each country must adopt harmonized regulations for them to be applicable. The member countries generally adopt all MERCOSUR regulations, though at different speeds.
In Uruguay, UNIT carries out establishes technical norms and certification procedures and is the exclusive representative of ISO (International Organization for Standardization), IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission), and the World Quality Council (WQC) in Uruguay.
UNIT mainly transposes standards developed by other organizations such as ISO, IEC, and Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series (OHSAS) for the national standardization system. OHSAS is a British standard for occupational health and safety management systems.
Testing, Inspection and Certification
LATU (Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay) is the officially approved agency, which controls standards and quality control of imports and exports. A national quality committee reviews and recommends issuance of ISO 9000/9001 certificates, if warranted.
The Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) requires members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) to notify the WTO of proposed technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures that could affect trade. Notify U.S. (www.nist.gov/notifyus) is a free, web-based e-mail registration service that captures and makes available for review and comment key information on draft regulations and conformity assessment procedures. Users receive customized e-mail alerts when selected country or countries and industry sector(s) of interest add new notifications and can also request full texts of regulations. This service and its associated web site are managed and operated by the USA WTO TBT Inquiry Point housed within the National Institute of Standards and Technology, part of the U.S. Department of Commerce.