Goods entering Australia may incur duty, GST, and/or additional charges. Customs duty rates vary and depend on factors such as type of goods and country of origin. Because of the preferential tariff arrangement under the AUSFTA discussed earlier, 99% of U.S.-origin goods enter Australia duty free. The importer is still responsible for applicable GST payments.
Since July 2018, GST of 10% applies to sales of low value imported goods to consumers. A recipient is not a consumer if they are a GST-registered business who purchases the goods for use in their business in Australia.
A U.S. exporter only needs to be registered for GST if the value of their sales of low value goods imported into Australia by consumers (plus any other sales made that are connected with Australia) is AU$75,000 or more in a 12-month period. If the U.S. exporter only makes sales to Australia of goods imported by GST-registered businesses, they will not be required to register for GST. More information can be found on the ATO website.
To look up tariff rates (standard and FTA), you may also use the Customs Info Database Tariff Lookup Tool.