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Sanctions and Export Controls on Russia

Russia Sanctions and Export Controls

The U.S. government (USG) has escalated sanctions on Russia since 2014 in response to Russia’s incursions into Ukraine, cyberattacks, malign influence, use of chemical weapons, and election meddling. For a comprehensive overview of the USG sanctions framework and overview of U.S. sanctions on Russia, please visit the Russia Country Commercial Guide (CCG) here on the U.S. Commercial Service Russia webpage. In addition, market intelligence pieces posted on the trade.gov/Russia site contain useful information on the current business environment.

Since February 24, 2022, when Russia invaded Ukraine, the scope and severity of U.S. sanctions and export controls imposed on Russia have expanded significantly. U.S. exporters should consider conducting due diligence for all transactions involving Russia and Russian entities or individuals and may wish to keep in mind the substantial sanctions that have been levied against the Russian banking and financial sector, which greatly complicate payments. Transportation and logistics in/out of Russia have also become more complicated, in part due to restrictions on air and maritime links.

The post-February 24 actions have been coordinated extensively with European and Asian allies. U.S. exporters should be aware that the United Kingdom, European Union, Canada, Japan, Australia, and other allies and partners have also imposed sanctions against Russia in response to the February 24 Russian actions.

The International Trade Administration (ITA) does not offer legal advice to U.S. companies on sanctions or export controls, nor does it administer sanctions or export controls. However, there are many informational USG resources available to U.S. exporters that can help companies with their due diligence when considering opportunities in Russia.

ITA maintains the “Consolidated Screening List”, a list of parties for which the United States Government maintains restrictions on certain exports, reexports, or transfers of items. These tools are a consolidation of multiple export screening lists of the Departments of Commerce, State, and the Treasury and may be used as an aid to industry in conducting electronic screens of potential parties to regulated transactions. 

Executive Orders

Selected recent executive orders related to current sanctions. 

OFAC Resources 

Information on economic sanctions administered by the Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).

Reference Documents:

BIS Resources 

Information on export controls administered by the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS), Department of Commerce.

DOS Resources

U.S. Department of State resources on Russia sanctions and U.S. government actions.

Other USG Actions Affecting U.S. Trade with Russia and Belarus

Selected U.S. Government actions affecting trade with Russia and Belarus.