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Foreign Retaliations Timeline

This Foreign Retaliation Timeline offers a detailed history of current retaliatory measures in effect by country.

Several countries have imposed retaliatory tariffs on specific exports from the United States. These actions are in response to the  WTO large civil aircraft dispute settlement case; Section 232 trade actions on steel and aluminum imports and the Section 301 trade action concerning China’s acts, policies, and practices related to technology transfer, intellectual property, and innovation.

This Foreign Retaliation Timeline offers a detailed history of current retaliatory measures in effect by country.

For more information on foreign retaliatory tariffs on specific imports from the United States, please visit our main page on foreign retaliations.
 

WTO Dispute Settlement Retaliations

Country Announcement Description Official Announcement Source Retaliatory Action Effective Date
The European Union In November 2020, the EU implemented tariffs on 141 products worth $4 billion due to the longstanding large civil aircraft WTO case. The Official Journal of the European Union Announcement

Annex 1: 15% tariff

Annex 2: 25% Tariff

November 10, 2020*

*In a joint statement with the U.S. on June 15, 2021, the EU announced a five year suspension of this action.

The United Kingdom In November 2020, the EU implemented tariffs on 141 products worth $4 billion due to the longstanding large civil aircraft WTO case. The UK’s Press Announcement    In a joint statement with the U.S. on June 17, 2021, the UK announced a five year suspension of this action.

Section 232 Retaliations

Country Announcement Description Official Announcement Source Retaliatory Action Effective Date
The European Union In June 2018, The EU responded to US Section 232 tariffs on steel and aluminum with immediate retaliatory countermeasures. Additional countermeasures are to be imposed after three years if no settlement has been reached. The EU’s Announcement to the WTO

Annex 1: 10%, 25% Tariff

June 20, 2018

Annex 2: 10%-50% Tariffs Though scheduled for June 1, 2021, the EU announced it would temporarily suspend the planned tariff increases included in Annex 2.    
China In April 2018, China responded to US tariffs on steel and aluminum with immediate retaliatory countermeasures. China’s Announcement to the WTO 15%,25% Tariffs March 23, 2018
Russia In August 2018, Russia responded to US tariffs on steel and aluminum with immediate countermeasures in effect until US tariffs are lifted. Russia’s Announcement to the WTO 25%, 30%, 40% Tariffs August 6, 2018
Turkey In June 2018, Turkey responded to US tariffs on steel and aluminum with immediate countermeasures in effect until US tariffs are lifted. Turkey’s Announcement to the WTO 5%- 35% Tariffs June 21, 2018
The United Kingdom In January 2021, the UK separated from the EU. The UK carried over the retaliatory tariffs originally implemented by the EU in June 2018. The UK’s Press Announcement 10%, 25% Tariff January 1, 2021

Section 301 Retaliations

Country Announcement Description Official Announcement Source Retaliatory Action Effective Date

China

China responded to US Section 301 List 1 tariffs in April 2018 with a two-part list of countermeasures. This list was later expanded with an increase in some tariffs in July 2018.

List 1

15%, 25% Tariffs

April 18, 2018

List 1 (revised)

25% Tariffs

July 6, 2018
China China responded to additional US Section 301 List 2 tariffs with an additional two-part list of countermeasures in June 2018. This list was later expanded in August 2018.

List 2

25% Tariffs

June 16, 2018

List 2 (revised)

25% Tariffs

August 23, 2018
China China responded to additional US Section 301 List 3 tariffs with a four-part list of countermeasures in September 2018. The tariff levels on this list were first revised in September 2018, and then further revised again in June 2019.

List 3

25%, 20%, 10%, 5%

September 24, 2018

List 3 (revised)

10%, 5%

September 24, 2018
List 3 (revised)

25%, 20%, 10%, 5%

June 1, 2019
China China responded to US Section 301 List 4 tariffs with an additional two-part list of countermeasures in September 2019. This list was later expanded in February 2020.

List 4

10%, 5%

September 1, 2019

List 4 (revised) 5%, 2.5%

February 15, 2020

China China has temporarily removed retaliatory tariffs on certain goods, beginning in September 2019. Exclusion Lists 1 and 2 have been renewed for one year, Exclusion List 3 is renewed until September 16, 2021, and Exclusion List 4 is renewed until December 25, 2021.

Exclusion List 1

 

September 16, 2019

Exclusion List 1 (renewal)

September 17, 2020

Exclusion List 2

December 26, 2019
Exclusion List 2 (renewal) December 26, 2020

Exclusion List 3

February 28, 2020
Exclusion List 3 (Renewal) February 28, 2021

Exclusion List 4

May 19, 2020
Exclusion List 4 (Renewal) May 19, 2021

Disclaimer

The information set forth above regarding foreign retaliatory measures has been provided as a public service for general reference. Every effort has been made to ensure that the information presented is complete and accurate as of June 17, 2021. The information will be updated as new developments occur.

The actual tariff classification and assessment of duties are determined by customs authorities in the relevant foreign country. Moreover, countries may elect to increase tariffs or otherwise amend tariff treatment at any time. For definitive guidance, parties should contact the government customs agency in the appropriate foreign country.