Singapore - Country Commercial Guide
Energy

This is a best prospect industry sector for this country.  Includes a market overview and trade data.

Last published date: 2021-08-12

Overview

Singapore has become one of the most important shipping centers in Asia and is one of the world’s top five oil trading and refining hubs.  In addition, Singapore is one of the market leaders for floating production, storage and offloading (FPSOs) conversions and offshore jack-up rigs.  A liquid natural gas (LNG) terminal is being expanded in phases to enhance Singapore’s position as the premier regional center for the oil and gas industry. 

Natural gas accounts for more than 93% of Singapore’s electricity generation.  Other sub-sectors that contribute towards the overall energy sector in Singapore are petrochemicals, electricity infrastructure (including smart grids), renewable energy (such as solar energy on roof tops and even on reservoirs) and clean energy (such as fuel cells and the use of hydrogen which is likely to replace natural gas from 2030 onwards).

However, uncertainties in the global economy due to fluctuating oil prices, geopolitics, trade wars, continuing pandemic, etc. are affecting new projects coming onstream.  As the regional hub for Southeast Asia and with its friendly business environment, there will be some opportunities for U.S. exporters in Singapore, especially if there is an uptick in subsea exploration and refinery activities as well as the wider adoption of more renewable/clean energy sources.

Energy Trade Data: 2018-2021 est.

 

2018

2019

2020

2021 estimated

Total Local Production

59,182

54,139

35,636

38,000

Total Exports

78,269

73,952

51,882

55,000

Total Imports

108,938

102,359

69,553

75,000

Imports from the US

12,461

13,607

9,818

10,000

Total Market Size

89,851

82,545

53,307

58,000

Exchange Rates

1.35

1.36

1.38

1.33

Units: $ millions
Source: IHS Markit

Leading Sub-Sectors

Singapore has many product and component requirements for American companies including:

  • Supply of equipment such as boring or sinking machinery for upstream and downstream oil and gas, shipbuilding, marine, mechanical and electrical construction, oxidation additives, and various control systems;
  • Renewable energy equipment such as performance monitoring/tracking systems, power optimizers, inverters, grid connectors, waterproof cables for floating solar panels; and
  • Electrolyzers, electrodes, hydrides, gas generators, purifiers and safety sensors which are used for hydrogen energy and fuel cells.

Opportunities

Singapore is often listed as the leading oil trading hub in Asia (third largest in the world after New York and London), and among the world’s top five oil refining centers.  It is also a world leader in the construction of exploration and production platforms and FPSOs conversions as well as for jack-up rigs.  According to industry sources and feedback from Singapore companies, the stability and economics of oil prices are very important.  In addition, cash flow has an impact on new projects, such as construction of new rigs, meaning that many companies are consolidating, restructuring or adopting new innovative/digital technologies to be more efficient.  One example of a project that is nearing completion is the US$200 million semi-submersible floating production topside, which Shell USA is building in Singapore and will eventually be located 150 miles southeast of New Orleans in 4000-ft. depth of water in the Gulf of Mexico.

Clean and sustainable energy will have a greater emphasis in Singapore’s drive to achieve at least 2GW peak power (which represents 4% of total electricity demand) in 10-12 years’ time.  This represents an increase of 1% from now.  This is in line with global objectives in the shift towards a net-zero carbon future.  Singapore also plans to deploy 200MW of energy storage capacity over the next decade to balance demand fluctuation to ensure system reliability.  Two clean and sustainable sources of energy that Singapore is adding into the mix are the use of floating solar power panels and hydrogen energy.

In land-scarce Singapore, even reservoirs are being used to generate electricity.  The Public Utilities Board is currently looking at the feasibility of installing more solar panels on reservoirs to generate electricity as a form of renewable energy and reduce carbon footprint.  Singapore’s first large-scale floating solar photovoltaic (PV) system is being deployed at Tengeh Reservoir as an initial pilot project.  Moreover, the average cost of solar energy worldwide has dropped from 40 US cents per KWh to 10 US cents per KWh in recent years and this has led to Singapore increasing the use of solar energy as part of its energy mix.

Another ongoing pilot project is the use of hydrogen energy to completely power a 3-story building which is not connected to the national electricity grid.  This is the first zero-emission building in Singapore and ASEAN to be powered by green hydrogen.  The Hydrogen Energy System, which is housed within a container outside the building, also tackles supply fluctuations and intermittency issues which are common shortcomings of renewable energy.

Resources

Trade Shows

  • OSEA 2021 
  • November 3-5, 2021 
  • Singapore Government Offices
  • Enterprise Singapore (EnterpriseSG)  
  • Singapore Economic Development Board (SEDB)  
  • Singapore Energy Market Authority  
  • Singapore Public Utilities Board  
  • Singapore Power  

U.S. Commercial Service, Singapore Contact 

Mr. CHAN Y K, Commercial Specialist 

Email: Yiukei.Chan@trade.gov