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U.S. Antidumping and Countervailing Duties
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Preliminary Determination in Antidumping Duty Investigations of Lemon Juice from Brazil and South Africa

Preliminary Determination in the Antidumping Duty Investigations of Lemon Juice from Brazil and South Africa

On July 29, 2022, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) announced its affirmative preliminary determinations in the antidumping duty (AD) investigations of lemon juice from Brazil and South Africa.

Country Exporter/Producer Dumping Rate
Brazil Louis Dreyfus Company Sucos S.A. 4.45%
Citrus Juice Eireli 21.49%
All Others 12.97%


Country Exporter/Producer Dumping Rate
South Africa Cape Fruit Processors (Pty) Ltd. 55.67%
Granor Passi (Pty) Ltd. 74.04%[1]
All Others 55.67%

[1] Rate was assigned based on facts available with adverse inference

Event Brazil Investigation South Africa Investigation
Petition(s) Filed December 30, 2021 December 30, 2021
DOC Initiation(s) Date January 19, 2022 January 19, 2022
ITC Preliminary Determination February 14, 2022 February 14, 2022
DOC Preliminary Determination July 28, 2022 July 28, 2022
DOC Final Determination December 19, 2022 October 11, 2022
ITC Final Determination February 1, 2023 November 25, 2022
Issuance of Order [1] February 8, 2023 December 2, 2022

[1] This will take place only in the event of affirmative final determinations from Commerce and the International Trade Commission.
Note: Commerce preliminary and final determination deadlines are governed by statute. For AD investigations, the deadlines are set forth in section 733(b) and 735(a)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). For countervailing duty (CVD) investigations, the deadlines are set forth in sections 703(b) and 705(a)(1) of the Act.

Country Volume/Value 2019 2020 2021
Brazil Volume (Liters) 27,301,622 23,402,359 34,505,624
Value (USD) $17,186,675 $11,872,121 $16,298,915
South Africa Volume (Liters) 7,437,113 18,726,039 29,755,584
Value (USD) $4,042,953 $8,761,105 $11,215,056

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, accessed through IHS Markit Global Trade Atlas. Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) subheadings 2009.31.4000, 2009.31.6020, 2009.31.6040, 2009.39.6020, and 2009.39.6040.

The petitioner is Ventura Coastal, LLC (Ventura, CA).

For general information and next steps, please refer to a list of FAQs for the preliminary determination.

Additional case information including the scope of the investigation are on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). Once you log in, please refer to case numbers: A-351-858 and A-791-827 for the Brazil and South Africa investigations, respectively.

Commerce currently maintains 661 AD and countervailing duty (CVD) orders which provide relief to American companies and industries impacted by unfair trade.