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U.S. Antidumping and Countervailing Duties
Information and Resources for U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Ongoing Proceedings.
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Recent Case Announcements
View a list of our recent AD/CVD case announcements.

Preliminary Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigation of Paper File Folders from India

Preliminary Affirmative Determination in the Countervailing Duty Investigation of Paper File Folders from India


On March 14, 2023, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) announced its affirmative preliminary determination in the countervailing duty (CVD) investigation of paper file folders from India.


Preliminary Subsidy Rates

Exporter/Producer Subsidy Rate
Navneet Education Limited 3.65%
Lotus Global Pvt. Ltd. 59.26% *
All Others 3.65%

*Commerce has assigned a rate to Lotus Global Pvt. Ltd. based entirely on facts available, using adverse inferences, in accordance with section 776 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act).


Case Calendar

Event Date
Petition Filed October 12, 2022
Commerce Initiation Date November 1, 2022
ITC Preliminary Determination November 28, 2022
Commerce Preliminary Determination March 13, 2023
Commerce Final Determination July 24, 2023
ITC Final Determination** September 7, 2023
Issuance of Order*** September 14, 2023

NOTE: Commerce’s preliminary and final determination deadlines are governed by statute. For CVD investigations, the deadlines are set forth in sections 703(b) and 705(a)(1) of the Act.
*This will take place only in the event of a final affirmative determination from Commerce.
**This will take place only in the event of final affirmative determinations from Commerce and the International Trade Commission (ITC).


India Import Statistics

  2019 2020 2021
Volume (KG) 2,397,001 2,090,530 3,156,567
Value (USD) $5,502,709 $4,661,927 $7,144,905

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, accessed through Global Trade Atlas (Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) subheading 4820.30.0040).


Other Case Information

  • The petitioner is the Coalition of Domestic Folder Manufacturers, the members of which are Smead Manufacturing Company, Inc. (Hastings, MN) and TOPS Products LLC (Naperville, IL).
  • For general information and next steps, please refer to a list of preliminary FAQs.
  • Additional case information including the scope of the investigation are on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). Once you log in, please refer to case number C-533-911.
  • To date, Commerce maintains 665 antidumping duty and CVD orders that provide relief to American companies and industries impacted by unfair trade.