World Map at Night
U.S. Antidumping and Countervailing Duties
Information and Resources for U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Ongoing Proceedings.
Two hands at a keyboard with question marks overlaid
AD/CVD FAQs
Get the answers to the most commonly asked questions.
Stack of white paper on white backgrounnd
Recent Case Announcements
View a list of our recent AD/CVD case announcements.

Initiation of Antidumping Duty Investigations of Lemon Juice from Brazil and South Africa

Decision to Initiate Antidumping Investigations of Lemon Juice from Brazil and South Africa

On January 20, 2022, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) announced the initiation of antidumping duty (AD) investigations of lemon juice from Brazil and South Africa

Country Dumping Margin
Brazil 222.16 percent
South Africa 97.15 percent
Event AD Investigation
Petition(s) Filed December 30, 2021
DOC Initiation(s) Date January 19, 2022
ITC Preliminary Determination(s) [1] February 14, 2022
DOC Preliminary Determination(s) June 8, 2022
DOC Final Determination(s) August 22, 2022
ITC Final Determination(s) [2] October 6, 2022
Issuance of Order(s) [3] October 13, 2022

Note: Commerce’s preliminary and final determination deadlines are governed by statute. For CVD investigations, the deadlines are set forth in sections 703(b) and 705(a)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). For AD investigations, the deadlines are set forth in sections 733(b) and 735(a) of the Act. These deadlines may be extended under certain circumstances.

[1] If the International Trade Commission (ITC) makes negative preliminary determinations of injury, the investigations are terminated.
[2]This will take place only in the event of final affirmative determinations from Commerce.
[3]This will take place only in the event of final affirmative determinations from Commerce and the ITC.

Country Volume/Value 2018 2019 2020
Brazil Volume (Liters) 35,591,159 27,301,622 23,402,359
Value (USD) $20,158,525 $17,186,675 $11,872,121
South Africa Volume (Liters) 13,485,091 7,437,113 18,658,762
Value (USD) $7,744,487 $4,042,953 $8,761,105

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, accessed through IHS Markit Global Trade Atlas. Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) subheadings 2009.31.4000, 2009.31.6020, 2009.31.6040, 2009.39.6020, and 2009.39.6040.

The petitioner is Ventura Coastal, LLC (Ventura, CA).

For general information and next steps, please refer to a list of initiation FAQs.

Additional case information including the scope of the investigation are on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). Once you log in, please refer to case numbers: A-351-858 and A-791-827 for the Brazil and South Africa investigations, respectively.

Commerce currently maintains 651 AD and CVD orders which provide relief to American companies and industries impacted by unfair trade.