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U.S. Antidumping and Countervailing Duties
Information and Resources for U.S. Trade Remedy Laws and Ongoing Proceedings.
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Initiation of Antidumping Duty and Countervailing Duty Investigations of Paper File Folders from China, India, and Vietnam

Decision to Initiate Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Investigations of Paper File Folders from China, India, and Vietnam

On November 2, 2022, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) announced the initiation of antidumping duty (AD) investigations of paper file folders from the People’s Republic of China (China), India, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Vietnam); and a countervailing duty (CVD) investigation of paper file folders from India.


Alleged Dumping Rates

Country Dumping Margin
China 62.61-192.70 percent
India 86.01-225.24 percent
Vietnam 180.61-233.93 percent

Alleged Subsidy Rates

Country Subsidy Rate
India Above de minimis

de minimis = less than 1% for developed countries, less that 2% for developing countries

Event AD Investigation(s) CVD Investigation(s)
Petition(s) Filed October 12, 2022 October 12, 2022
DOC Initiation(s) Date November 1, 2022 November 1, 2022
ITC Preliminary Determination(s) [1] November 28, 2022 November 28, 2022
DOC Preliminary Determination(s) March 21, 2023 January 5, 2023
DOC Final Determination(s) June 5, 2023 March 21, 2023
ITC Final Determination(s) [2] July 20, 2023 May 5, 2023
Issuance of Order(s) [3] July 27, 2023 April 12, 2023

Note: Commerce’s preliminary and final determination deadlines are governed by statute. For CVD investigations, the deadlines are set forth in sections 703(b) and 705(a)(1) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). For AD investigations, the deadlines are set forth in sections 733(b) and 735(a) of the Act. These deadlines may be extended under certain circumstances.

[1] If the International Trade Commission (ITC) makes negative preliminary determinations of injury, the investigations are terminated.
[2]This will take place only in the event of final affirmative determinations from Commerce.
[3]This will take place only in the event of final affirmative determinations from Commerce and the ITC.

Country Volume/Value 2019 2020 2021
China Volume (KG) 14,052,685 8,405,967 4,967,936
Value (USD) $44,951,032 $21,922,047 $15,630,721
India Volume (KG) 2,397,001 2,090,530 3,156,567
Value (USD) $5,502,709 $4,661,927 $7,144,905
Vietnam Volume (KG) 820,800 4,161,033 6,336,765
Value (USD) $3,098,984 $18,641,978 $21,741,852

Source: U.S. Census Bureau, accessed through Global Trade Atlas (Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States (HTSUS) subheading 4820.30.0040).


The petitioner is the Coalition of Domestic Folder Manufacturers, the members of which are Smead Manufacturing Company, Inc. (Hastings, MN) and TOPS Products LLC (Naperville, IL).

For general information and next steps, please refer to a list of initiation FAQs.

Additional case information including the scope of the investigation are on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance’s Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). Once you log in, please refer to case numbers: A-570-147 for the China AD investigation, A-533-910 and C-533-911 for the India AD and CVD investigations, respectively, and A-552-834 for the Vietnam AD investigation.

Commerce currently maintains 660 AD and CVD orders which provide relief to American companies and industries impacted by unfair trade.

In the India CVD petition, there are 14 alleged subsidy programs, which we are treating as 12 subsidy programs, including grant programs, tax programs, and loan programs . For more information on these subsidy programs, please refer to the subsidies enforcement library.