Overview of the different labeling and marking requirements, including any restrictive advertising or labeling practices and where to get more information.
Ghana’s domestic standards are currently mandatory. Ghana has issued its own standards for most products under the auspices of the Ghana Standards Authority (GSA), the testing authority, which subscribes to accepted international practices for the testing of imports for purity and efficiency. The GSA has promulgated over 160 Ghanaian standards and adopted over 300 foreign standards for certification purposes. The GSA determines standards for all products; authority for enforcing standards for food, drugs, cosmetics and other health items lies with the Ghana Food and Drugs Authority. To simplify and harmonize standards with international standards, Ghana will begin to move away from its domestic mandatory standards, except for products that raise environmental concerns and those affecting the health and safety of the population.
With respect to compliance inspection of imported goods, the following are the labelling requirements as specified in the Ghana Standards Authority General Labelling Rules, 1992 (L.I.1541)Name of product
- List of ingredients in food
- List of active ingredients and their levels in drugs
- Date of manufacture and expiry date/Best before/Use by date in respect of food
- Date of manufacture and expiry date in respect of drugs
- Storage conditions
- Instructions or directions for use
- Net content
- Name and address of manufacturer
- Country of Origin
- Date of manufacture (as applicable)
- Batch/Lot number
- Where marks or labels are stamped, they shall be in indelible ink and legible.
The Customs Division of the Ghana Revenue Authority is responsible for the collection of import duty, import VAT, export duty, petroleum tax, import excise and other taxes, levies and fees.
The Customs Division also ensures the protection of revenue by preventing smuggling. This is done by physically patrolling the borders and other strategic points, examination of goods, and search of premises, as well as scrutinizing documents relating to the goods. As a frontline institution at the country’s borders, the Customs Division also plays a key role in surmounting external aggression and maintaining the territorial integrity of Ghana.
In addition to these functions, the Customs Division performs agency duties on behalf of other government organizations and Ministries by seeing to the enforcement of laws on import and export restrictions and prohibitions.