Qatar - Country Commercial Guide
Agribusiness, Agricultural Equipment/Technologies, and Food Products

This is a best prospect industry sector for this country.  Includes a market overview and trade data.

Last published date: 2020-11-18


Qatar’s population has more than quadrupled since 2000, increasing dependence on food imports and leading to a growing sense of national food insecurity. By 2015, Qatar imported about 80 percent of its food, relying on imports for a wide range of food products, including cereals, dairy, meat, fruits, and vegetables. Food security grew in importance following the 2017 Gulf Rift that halted food supply lines overnight from Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Egypt, and the United Arab Emirates,

Qatar has made significant strides in increasing resilience by increasing local food production since the onset of the Rift, when food security went from being a goal to a national security priority and necessity. The cultivation of food crops is a difficult task in Qatar due to extremely high temperatures, desert climate, acute lack of rain/water, and limited availability of fertile soil. As such, noteworthy opportunities exist for U.S. companies with technologies and equipment for improving Qatar’s food reserves, implementing water-conserving agricultural technologies, improving local food standards and testing, building an aquaculture industry, and developing climate-resistant crops.

Since Qatar is heavily dependent on its limited groundwater supply for agriculture, Qatar is actively seeking innovative agricultural technologies to increase the use of treated sewage and desalinated water for human-consumption crops. Aquaponics, vertical farming and similar technologies are some of the new techniques that Qatar is exploring to increase the sustainability and reliability of its water supplies, thus achieving a national food security goal of improving resilience and self-reliance for their national food stocks.

Lastly, while food security is the primary goal, Qatar has also focused on diversifying its sources of imported foods, to the benefit of U.S. food producers.

Sub-Sector Best Prospects

  • Water conservation and reuse technologies
  • Aquaculture
  • Vertical farming
  • Aquaponics
  • Desalination
  • Food manufacturing, standards, and testing
  • Food products


  • Agriteq is the only event in Qatar where local and international agriculture professionals exchange expertise, discover trends and developments, and seize business opportunities in this sector.

Web Resources

Qatar FAIRS Export Certificate Report 2020, issued by USDA/Foreign Agricultural Service.

Qatar National Food Security Program (QNFSP)

Contact the Commercial Section of the U.S. Embassy in Doha or the Foreign Agricultural Service in Dubai.