Philippines - Country Commercial Guide
Trade Standards

Describes standards, identifies the national standards, accreditation bodies, and lists the national testing organization(s) and conformity assessment bodies.

Last published date: 2021-09-11

Overview

The Standards system in the Philippines is more government-driven than market-driven, although government consults with industry/local stakeholders in the formulation of the Philippine National Standards (PNS).

The Bureau of Philippine Standards (BPS), under the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), is the Philippines’ national Standards body that develops, promulgates, implements, and promotes standardization activities in the Philippines.

There are two types of Standards classification — voluntary and mandatory. The BPS implements mandatory product certification schemes for 87 products and systems divided into three product groups, namely, mechanical/building and construction, electrical and electronic products, chemical and other consumer products and system. The BPS subjects these products under its list of PNS for mandatory certification to inspection and testing methods prior to distribution and sale in the Philippine market with the necessary Philippine Standard (PS) or Import Commodity Clearance (ICC) marks. (http://www.bps.dti.gov.ph/). The BPS provides the Bureau of Customs (BOC) a list of products under mandatory BPS product certification as a guide to incoming shipments.

DTI-BPS have 49 active Technical Committees for various products and services. DTI-BPS coordinates with the Department of Agriculture and Department of Health in standards developing activities. 

Technical committees are composed of academic experts, consumer groups, government agencies, trade and industry professionals, testing institutions, and research institutions. Experts included must be nominated by their respective organizations subject for approval by DTI-BPS.

Standards

The Bureau of Philippine Standards was created under the mandate of the Standards Law (Republic Act 4109) is mandated to develop, promulgate, and implement standards for all products in the Philippines. It is also mandated to ensure the manufacturing, production, and distribution of quality products and promote standardization activities to protect Filipino consumers. This was further reiterated under Republic Act 7394 otherwise known as the Consumer Act of the Philippines. The BPS currently has 49 active Technical Committees (TCs) and 13 Sub-Committees and Working Groups for the development, adoption, and review of PNS.

The Bureau of Philippine Standards maintains Technical Committees that develop standards and align the Philippine National Standards (PNS) to the ISO, IEC, ITU, and CODEX Alimentarius standards. The BPS refers to ASTM International standards in developing PNS, which is made possible through a Memorandum of Agreement with ASTM. The BPS also refers to other US national standards, including ASME and IEE, in the development of PNS. However, the BPS has not consulted with any U.S. Standard Developing Organizations concerning standards and the standardization process.

The Philippines is a member of the International Organization for Standardization or ISO. ISO develops voluntary standards on quality, safety and efficiency of products, services, and systems from technology to food safety, construction, agriculture, and healthcare. Under the ISO, the BPS is a Participating Member (P Member) to 33 Technical Committees (TCs), 12 Sub-Committees (SCs), and an Observing Member (0-Member) to 68 TCs and 19 SCs.

Similarly, the BPS participates in the International Electrotechnical Committee or IEC, that prepares and publishes voluntary standards for electrical, electronic, and related technologies. Under the IEC, the BPS is a P-Member to 6 TCs and 3 SCs, and an O-Member to 9 TCs and 19 SCs.

The BPS implements mandatory product certification schemes for certain products divided into three groups: mechanical/building and construction, electrical and electronics, chemical and other consumer products systems. The BPS subjects these products under its list of PNS for mandatory certification to inspection and testing methods prior to distribution and sale in the Philippine market with the necessary Philippine Standard (PS) or Import Commodity Clearance (ICC) marks.

Under the PS Certification Scheme based on the Department Administrative Order (DAO) No. 4:2008, a manufacturer shall secure a license to use the Philippine Standard (PS) mark to show the consistent compliance of its product with the requirements of a specific PNS. The BPS assesses a manufacturer’s production processes and product.

Under the ICC Certification Scheme according to the DTI DAO No. 5:2008, an importer shall acquire an ICC certificate to use the ICC sticker on imported products which demonstrate conformance to the requirements of an applicable PNS. The BPS, through the DTI Regional and Provincial Offices, subjects import shipments to sampling and testing procedures and evaluation.

DAO 05:2008 specifies that importers are offered four options for their applications to be processed, which include: (1) an application without a Product Test Report but with a Quality Management System (QMS) based on the ISO 9001:2000 and its future amendments; (2) an application with a Product Test Report and with a QMS based on the ISO 9001:2000 and its future amendments; (3) an application without a Product Test Report and without a QMS; and (4) an application with the Philippine Standard (PS) license from a foreign supplier. There are 75 listed Philippine National Standards which cover 85 products and three (3) services under the BPS Mandatory Certification Scheme.

Conformity Assessment

The Department of Trade and Industry’s Philippine Accreditation Bureau (DTI-PAB) is the national accreditation body by virtue of Executive Order 802. It is mandated to accredit testing, calibration laboratories, certification bodies, inspection bodies, and other bodies offering conformity assessment services.

PAB operates based on ISO/IEC 17011, the international standard that specifies requirements for the competence, consistent operation and impartiality of accreditation bodies assessing and accrediting conformity assessment bodies.

PAB is recognized internationally through its membership to the International Accreditation Forum (IAF), International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation (ILAC), International Halal Accreditation Forum (IHAF), Asia Pacific Accreditation Cooperation (APAC) and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Consultative Committee on Standards and Quality (ACCSQ). PAB is signatory to the APAC Mutual Recognition Arrangement (MRA) for Quality Management System (QMS), Environmental Management System (EMS) and for testing and calibration of APAC, ILAC, and IAF.

DTI - PAB is composed of three divisions, namely:

1.     Management Systems Accreditation Division (MSAD) - MSAD handles the following accreditation schemes for:

  • Certification Body based on ISO/IEC 17021-1 (Conformity assessment - Requirements for bodies providing audit and certification of management systems) that certifies organization to:
  • ISO 9001 (Quality Management System)
  • ISO 14001 (Environmental Management System)
  • ISO 22000 (Food Safety Management System) / Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP)
  • ISO/IEC 27001 (Information Security Management System)
  • ISO 50001 (Energy Management System)
  • Product Certification Body based on ISO/IEC 17065 -Conformity assessment -Requirement for bodies certifying products, processes and services.
  • Person Certification Body based on ISO/IEC 17024 - Conformity assessment - Requirement for bodies certifying persons.

2.     Laboratory Accreditation Division (LAD) - LAD handles the accreditation scheme for:

  • Testing and calibration laboratories based on ISO/IEC 17025 - General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories.
  • Medical testing laboratories based on ISO 15189 - Medical laboratories - particular requirements for quality and competence.
  • Inspection bodies based on ISO/IEC 17020 - Conformity assessment - Requirements for the operation of various types of bodies performing inspection.

3.    Promotion and Documentation Division (PDD) - PDD is the marketing arm of the bureau that:

  • Promotes accreditation activities;
  • Extends technical assistance to trade and industry sectors through training programs;
  • Disseminates information on accreditation schemes available to institutions, organizations, business, and individuals concerned; and
  • Ensure that all information from the different regional and international fora are processed, disseminated, and acted upon.

Contact:

Philippine Accreditation Bureau (PAB)

5F HPGV building

395 Sen. Gil Puyat Avenue, Makati City

Tel: (632) 8895-3995

Email: PAB@dti.gov.ph

 

James E. Empeño

Director

Tel: (632) 8895-3995

Email: JamesEmpeno@dti.gov.ph

 

Ma. Juanita P. Carpio

Chief

Management System Accreditation Division

Mobile: (63917) 8819.2971

Email: JuanitaCarpio@dti.gov.ph

 

Amor F. Lahoz

Chief

Promotion and Documentation Division

Mobile: (+63917) 8802-0047

 

Marlon A. Macadamia

Officer-in-Charge

Laboratory Accreditation Division

Mobile: (63917) 8811-6026

Email: MarlonMacadamia@dti.gov.ph

Testing, Inspection and Certification

All products under Mandatory Regulation of the BPS require test reports in accordance with what is required by Philippine National Standards. The tests are conducted by BPS or its recognized laboratories for electrical, electronic, chemical, mechanical, and consumer products to verify conformity to PNS requirements that support the Philippine Standard (PS) and Import Commodity Clearance (ICC) product certification schemes.

Products that are covered by the BPS Mandatory Product Certification Schemes, whether locally or internationally manufactured, are required to bear the PS Mark or ICC stickers before it can be distributed in the Philippines. Certain products are delisted from the List of Products under Mandatory Certification subject to compliance with markings and labelling requirements as stated in the DTI DAO No. 15-01. The BPS shall process the ICC within 16 working days from filing if importers comply with the necessary requirements prior to the release of the certificate.

To achieve its objectives in standardization and product certification, the BPS has established networks with local Government agencies, regional standardization bodies, and specialist regional bodies. This includes the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and Quality (ACCSQ), among others. BPS’ involvement with the said bodies/organizations aims to strengthen the country’s technical infrastructure for its conformity assessment, testing and calibration, and standards information services.

The Philippines is a Party to the World Trade Organization (WTO) including the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement). The WTO-TBT agreement provides that the BPS ensure that Philippine National Standards are not prepared, adopted, or applied with a view to or with the effect of creating obstacles to international trade. In compliance to this provision, the BPS aligns its national standards with available international standards, where appropriate.

List of BPS Recognized Testing Laboratories can be viewed here: List of BPS Recognized Testing Laboratories - BPS S&C Portal (dti.gov.ph)                                       

The BPS offers the following support services: Standards Data Center, a library for PNS; Sales and Publication and Trainings/Seminars. Basic information on BPS services is available at http://www.bps.dti.gov.ph/ and queries can be sent to bps@dti.gov.ph.

Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to notify to the WTO proposed technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures that could affect trade. Notify U.S. (www.nist.gov/notifyus) is a free, web-based e-mail registration service that captures and makes available for review and comment key information on draft regulations and conformity assessment procedures. Users receive customized e-mail alerts when new notifications are added by selected country(ies) and industry sector(s) of interest and can also request full texts of regulations. This service and its associated web site are managed and operated by the USA WTO TBT Inquiry Point housed within the National Institute of Standards and Technology, part of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Publication of Technical Regulations

The DTI-BPS maintains a Standards and Conformance portal with all information on Standards and Conformance. Further, the bureau releases a weekly WTO TBT Notifications Bulletin to simplify information dissemination on direct links to notifications made by WTO Members. U.S. companies can view the latest WTO – TBT Notification Bulletins here: WTO-TBT Notifications Bulletin - BPS S&C Portal (dti.gov.ph)

The Bureau circulates draft technical regulations for comment for 30 days. All approved Department Administrative Orders (DAOs) for the implementation of PNS under mandatory certification are published in two newspapers of general circulation. These technical regulations are posted in the Standards and Conformance Portal.

Recently issued DAOs that may impact U.S. products:

  1. DAO No. 20-10 Series of 2020: Hot-Dip Metallic-Coated and Pre-Painted Galvanized Steel Coils and Sheets for Roofing and General Applications
  2. DAO No. 20-09 Series of 2020: Ceramic Tiles
  3. DAO No. 20-06 Series of 2020: Plywood
  4. DAO No. 20-03 Series of 2020: Child Restraint Systems
  5. DAO No. 19-16 Series of 2019: Steel - Black Hot-Dipped Zinc-Coated (Galvanized) Longitudinally Welded Steel Pipes (For ordinary use)

Members of the World Trade Organization (WTO) are required under the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement) to notify to the WTO proposed technical regulations and conformity assessment procedures that could affect trade. Notify U.S. (www.nist.gov/notifyus) is a free, web-based e-mail registration service that captures and makes available for review and comment key information on draft regulations and conformity assessment procedures. Users receive customized e-mail alerts when new notifications are added by selected country(ies) and industry sector(s) of interest and can also request full texts of regulations. This service and its associated web site are managed and operated by the USA WTO TBT Inquiry Point housed within the National Institute of Standards and Technology, part of the U.S. Department of Commerce.

Contact:

Neil P. Catajay

Director IV

Website: Home - BPS S&C Portal (dti.gov.ph)

Bureau of Philippine Standards Email: BPS@dti.gov.ph

 

U.S. Commercial Service – Philippines

BusinessPhilippines@trade.gov