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The Impact of Exporting on the Stability of U.S. Manufacturing Industries
(Manufacturing and Services Economic Brief no. 3)
Exporting provides opportunities to expand the sales of U.S. manufacturing industries, resulting in potentially greater revenues for U.S. companies and higher employment for U.S. workers. However, many investors and workers are legitimately concerned about risk and expected return. Do the added risks and unpredictability associated with exporting outweigh the increase in expected revenues?
This paper investigates the link between exporting and the economic stability of the U.S. manufacturing sector. It does so in two ways. First, by analyzing the 2000–2009 revenues reported in the public financial statements of two U.S. companies with substantial non-U.S. sales. Second, by analyzing the industry-level shipments data for the U.S. manufacturing sector as reported in the Census Bureau’s Annual Survey of Manufactures and the Economic Censuses for 2000 through 2008.
“Both the company case studies and the industry-level analysis of the U.S. manufacturing sector,” state the authors, “indicate that non-U.S. sales, including exports from the United States, reduce the normalized volatility of the value of total shipments of U.S. manufacturers.”(March 2011; 24 pages)
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