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Manufacturing Biweekly Update
October 29, 2010 [past updates]
| Wage Rates
Surge in Aircraft Orders Lifts Durable Goods
Demand for commercial aircraft lifted orders for big-ticket manufactured goods in September. However, excluding a surge in demand for transportation equipment, businesses spent less on product purchases that signal expansion. New orders for manufactured durable goods rose 3.3 percent in September, marking the largest increase since January, according to the United States Department of Commerce this week. Excluding defense products, new orders increased 2.9 percent. The total value of long-lasting U.S.-made goods increased $6.3 billion to $199.2 billion. The overall increase in orders surpassed the expected 2 percent rise forecast by economists, according to Reuters. Up two of the last three months, September's increase followed a 1 percent decrease in August.
U.S. Economy Grew 2% Third Quarter on Consumer Spending
(Thomasnet.com|October 28, 2010)
The U.S. economy grew at a 2 percent annual rate in the third quarter as consumer spending climbed the most in almost four years, a sign the expansion is developing staying power. The increase in gross domestic product matched the median forecast of economists surveyed by Bloomberg News and followed a 1.7 percent gain the prior three months, Commerce Department figures showed today in Washington. Household purchases, about 70 percent of the economy, rose at a 2.6 percent pace, the best quarter of the recovery that began in June 2009.
(Bloombergs|October 29, 2010)
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U.S. Manufacturing Key Facts
Manufacturing Wage Rates
- In September 2010, average hourly earnings in manufacturing were $18.63 (preliminary), up 0.22 percent from August 2010’s $18.59 (preliminary), and up 1.3 percent from September 2009’s $18.39.
(BLS/DOL Employment data from “The Employment Situation, USDL 10-1393,” released October 8, 2010; next release is November 5, 2010)
Manufacturing Wage Rates (Quarterly, Yearly)
- During the second quarter of 2010, hourly compensation from previous quarter, annual rate (revised) was down 2.0 percent in total manufacturing, down 1.9 percent in durable manufacturing and down 2.1 percent in nondurable manufacturing.
- In the second quarter of 2010, hourly compensation of all manufacturing workers decresed 0.3 percent (revised), compared to a 5.9 percent increase during the second quarter of 2009. Real hourly compensation in the total manufacturing sector decreased 2.1 percent (revised) in the second quarter of 2010, compared to 7.0 percent increase in the second quarter of 2009.
(BLS/DOL Productivity data from “Productivity and Costs, Second Quarter 2010, Revised,” USDL 10-1211, released September 2, 2010; next release is November 4, 2010)
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- In the second quarter of 2010, manufacturing profits increased 10.7 percent, or $26.7 billion, to $277.1 billion from $250.4 billion in the first quarter. Compared with second quarter profits of 2009, manufacturing profits were up $137.4 billion in the second quarter of 2010.
- Second quarter 2010 profits for all non-financial industries (manufacturing being a subcategory) increased 4.9 percent from the first quarter of 2010 to $1034.0 billion.
(BEA/DOC GDP data from “Gross Domestic Product and Corporate Profits, BEA 10-47,”released September 30, 2010; next release is October 29, 2010)
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- In September, 2010, manufacturing employment went down, with a decrease of 6,000 jobs.
- In September, while there was no change in employment for durable goods manufacturing as a whole, job lost occurred in transportation equipment (-3,100), machinery (-1,900), wood products (-1,700), and furniture and related products (-1,500). Job gains occurred in fabricated metal products (2,700), computer and electronic products (1,800), nonmetallic mineral products (1,700), electrical equipment and appliances (1,600), miscellaneous manufacturing (1,000), and primary metals (200).
- In September, nondurable goods manufacturing lost 6,000 jobs, with decreases in plastics and rubber products (-2,200), food manufacturing (-1,600), printing and related support activities (-1,500), apparel (-900), paper and paper products (-600), textile mills (-500), leather and allied products (-300), petroleum and coal products (-300), and chemicals (-200). Meanwhile, job gains occurred in beverages and tobacco products (1,400), and textile product mills (200).
- The manufacturing employment of 11.7 million workers represents 9.0 percent of total non-farm employment.
(BLS/DOL Employment data from “The Employment Situation, USDL-10-1393,” released October 8, 2010; next release is November 5, 2010)
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Manufacturing Production updated
- In September 2010, manufacturing production was down 0.2 percent from previous month and was 5.4 percent above its year-earlier level.
- Production of durable goods was down 0.2 percent from previous month. The durable industry that registered decreases in output included electrical equip., appliances and components (-0.7 percent), machinery (-0.7 percent), furniture and related products (-0.5 percent), computer and electronic products (-0.4 percent), aerospace and miscellaneous transportation equipment (-0.4 percent), fabricated metal products (-0.4 percent), primary metal (-0.1 percent), and wood products (-0.1 percent). The durable manufacturing industries that registered increases in output included motor vehicles and parts (0.5 percent), and miscellaneous (0.5 percent). There was no change in output for nonmetallic mineral products.
- The production of nondurable goods was up 0.1 percent from previous month. The nondurable manufacturing industries that registered increases in output included food, beverage, and tobacco products (0.7 percent), apparel and leather (0.5 percent), chemical (0.1 percent), and paper (0.1 percent). The nondurable industry that registered decreases in output included printing and support (-1.3 percent), plastics and rubber products (-0.9 percent), petroleum and coal products (-0.3 percent), and textile and product mills (-0.2 percent).
- The index for other manufacturing industries (non-NAICS) was down 1.7 percent from the previous month.
(Federal Reserve Statistical data from “Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, G17 (419),” released October 18, 2010; next release is November 16, 2010)
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Manufacturing Capacity Utilization updated
- In September 2010, manufacturing industries (NAICS based) operated at 72.4 percent of capacity, 6.6 percentage points below their 1972-2009 average of 79.0 percent and 0.1 percent points lower than their revised capacity utilization level in August 2010.
- In durable manufacturing, capacity utilization operated at 69.9 percent capacity, down 0.2 points from previous month (revised). Increased capacity utilization was registered in motor vehicles and parts (0.4 points), wood products (0.2 points), miscellaneous (0.1 points), and nonmetallic mineral products (0.1 points). Decreased capacity utilization was demonstrated in computer and electronic products (-0.8 points), electrical equip., appliances, and components (-0.5 points), machinery (-0.5 points), primary metal (-0.3 points), aerospace and miscellaneous transportation equipment (-0.3 points), fabricated metal products (-0.2 points), and furniture and related products (-0.1 points).
- In non-durable manufacturing, capacity utilization increased 0.1 percentage points in from previous month (revised) to 75.5 percent. Increased capacity utilization was registered in apparel and leather (0.9 points), food, beverage, and tobacco products (0.5 points), paper (0.2 points), chemical (0.1 points), and textile and product mills (0.1 points). Decreased capacity utilization was only registered in printing and support (-0.7 points), plastics and rubber products (-0.6 points), and petroleum and coal products (-0.1 points).
- The index for other manufacturing industries (non-NAICS) decreased 1.3 points from previous month.
(Federal Reserve Statistical data from “Industrial Production and Capacity Utilization, G17 (419),” released October 15, 2010; next release is November 16, 2010)
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- Manufacturing sector productivity (revised) rose 4.1 percent in the second quarter of 2010, as output increased 8.4 percent and hours increased 4.1 percent. Productivity grew 9.9 percent in the durable goods industries and shrank 2.4 percent in the nondurable goods industries. Unit labor costs in manufacturing declined 5.9 percent in the second quarter of 2010 and fell 7.3 percent over the last four quarters.
- In durable goods industries, productivity (revised) grew 9.9 percent from previous quarter, annual rate in the second quarter of 2010, as output increased 13.6 percent, while hours worked also increased 3.4 percent.
- In nondurable goods industries, productivity (revised) fell 2.4 percent from previous quarter, annual rate in the second quarter of 2010, as output increased 2.8 percent, while hours worked also increased 5.3 percent.
(BLS/DOL Productivity data from “Productivity and Costs, Second Quarter 2010 Revised,” USDL 10-1211, released September 2, 2010; next release is November 4, 2010)
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- Year to date August 2010, U.S. manufactured goods exports accounted for 80.9 percent of all U.S. exports of goods, compared with 81.8 percent a year ago.
- Manufactured goods exports in July were 2.2 percent higher than the previous month. Imports were up 4.7 percent.
- The year to date August 2010 trade deficit in manufactured goods of $257.2 billion was $58.5 billion more when compared with $198.7 billion a year ago.
(Census/BEA/DOC Foreign Trade Statistics data from “U.S. International Trade in Goods and Services, CB10-154, BEA10-49, FT-900(10-08),” released October 14, 2010; next release is November 10, 2010)
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Manufactured Goods Shipments updated
- Shipments of manufactured durable goods in September, down two consecutive months, decreased $0.9 billion or 0.4 percent to $197.4 billion. This followed a 1.4 percent August decrease.
- In September, shipments increased in machinery (1.5 percent), and primary metals (1.0 percent). Shipment decreased in computer and electronic products (-2.3 percent), electrical equipment, appliances, components (-1.3 percent), transportation equipment (-0.5 percent), and fabricated metal products (-0.2 percent).
(Census Bureau/DOC data from “Advance Report on Durable Goods Manufacturers’ Shipments, Inventories and Orders (M3-1(10)-09, CB10-163),” October 27, 2010; next release is November 24, 2010)
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Manufactured Goods Prices
- In September 2010, the Producer Price Index (PPI) for finished goods, except foods and energy, increased by 0.1 percent compared to previous month.
- The index for finished energy goods was up 0.5 percent from previous month.
- A seasonally adjusted increase of price from August to September was registered in liquefied petroleum gas (6.1 percent), and residential electric power (0.4 percent). However, a seasonally adjusted decrease of price was registered in residential gas (-4.0 percent), No. 2 diesel fuel (-3.1 percent), home heating oil and distillates (-2.6 percent), and gasoline price (-1.8 percent).
(BLS/DOL data from “Producer Price Indexes, USDL 10-1425,” released October 14, 2010; next release is November 16, 2010)
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Institute for Supply Management's (ISM) Index
- Economic activity in the manufacturing sector expanded in September for the 14th consecutive month, and the overall economy grew for the 17th consecutive month, say the nation's supply executives in the latest Manufacturing ISM Report On Business®.
- Manufacturing continued to grow in September, but at a slower rate as the PMI registered 54.4 percent, a decrease of 1.9 percentage points when compared to August's reading of 56.3 percent. A reading above 50 percent indicates that the manufacturing economy is generally expanding; below 50 percent indicates that it is generally contracting.
- The percentage-point changes in the components of the PMI in September were: Production decreased 3.4 points to 56.5, Employment down 3.9 points to 56.5, Inventories up 4.2 points to 55.6, Supplier Deliveries down 4.3 points to 52.3, and New Orders decreased 2.0 points to 51.1.
U.S. Industries Reporting Growth in September 2010
- Apparel, Leather & Allied Products
- Fabricated Metal Products
- Electrical Equipment, Appliances & Components
- Primary Metals
- Miscellaneous Manufacturing
- Transportation Equipment
- Computer & Electronic Products
- Furniture & Related Products
- Plastics & Rubber Products
- Chemical Products
- Paper Products
- Food, Beverage & Tobacco Products
(Institute for Supply Management, data released October 1, 2010; next release is November 1, 2010)
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Director of Office of Trade Industry Information
Manufacturing and Services
International Trade Administration
U.S. Department of Commerce